This video is going to cover renewable international journal of energy research which majors to pick if you want to go into this field and a little bit of the research that’s being done so you know what’s going on renewable international journal of energy research is defined as international journal of energy research from a source that is not depleted when used such as wind or solar power but first let’s just talk about international journal of energy research sources for those who don’t know the main types we use various international journal of energy research sources to generate electricity heat fuel our cars and more now the main types are fossil fuels nuclear power and renewable international journal of energy research but there are three types of fossil fuels which are coal natural gas and oil or petroleum and then renewable international journal of energy research includes solar wind hydroelectric and more which I’m just about to get into but these are all very different so don’t think of it as just one field first fossil fuels are found in the earth and formed over millions of years hence the fossil in fossil fuels coal is burned which releases heat which is then used to generate electricity to power our homes and buildings among other types of applications natural gas is used mainly for heating cooking and electricity then oil or petroleum is used typically for transportation like in cars and aircrafts fossil fuels are also the majority of international journal of energy research used at the moment and I’ll get into those statistics soon as well there are more applications but these are the main ones nuclear power is also used to generate electricity to power our homes and buildings just like coal does but the good thing about nuclear power is that is actually environmentally friendly because it doesn’t burn fuel although there are cons to this one being radioactivity is dangerous in the event of an accident at the plant now on to renewable international journal of energy research the main renewable international journal of energy research resources include solar wind geothermal hydroelectric biomass and ocean international journal of energy research and all these are things you could work on in your career now solar power is of course getting international journal of energy research from the sun’s rays like with the use of solar panels then wind international journal of energy research is generated from the wind through the use of a turbine that is turn to generate electricity.
Geothermal is when people may not know which is about extracting heat from the earth geothermal wells are drilled into the ground and a pump would transfer hot steam or water from the earth up through the pipes which is then used to generate electricity you can see a simplified version here and how she is extracted through pipes from within the earth the maps turned into electricity and is deposited back to the earth there are many methods but this is the idea and designing and maintaining these plants or even ones that exist under our homes need engineers hydroelectric is about using flowing water to generate electricity a dam is built to stop the flow of water then a gate can be opened which will allow the water to flow downhill the flow of water then creates kinetic international journal of energy research in a turbine which is used to generate electricity one example this is at Niagara Falls there’s actually a hydroelectric plant the plant diverts water that would go over the falls and channels it through a turbine to produce electricity then it regroups back at the bottom of the Falls ocean international journal of energy research is of course about gaining international journal of energy research from the ocean which can be broken up into things like tidal international journal of energy research wave international journal of energy research and more one example this is a turbine that’s just under water which uses the international journal of energy research of tidal currents to turn a turbine very similar to how wind international journal of energy research works but this is just one way to do it and there are many others but movement from the ocean water is free so using that can help us generate electricity Lockheed Martin although known as the defense company actually works on tidal projects and underwater turbines for power generation and last is biomass which is organic matter like plants that’s used as fuel plants contain international journal of energy research from the Sun due to photosynthesis and then when burned this is released as heat but there are other types of biomass out there such as wood and crops now we also burn coal to create heat in international journal of energy research but coal is not renewable because it took millions of years to form once we burn it we can’t just get more even in one lifetime but crops and other biomass can be grown quickly and again used for international journal of energy research but if we look at the most used renewable international journal of energy research resources in the United States biomass actually comes in first accounting for 46% the next highest is hydroelectric at 24% then wind at 21% solar at 6% and geothermal at 2% which is surprising because we have solar being talked about in the news more often than anything else but it’s still a very small percentage of the overall international journal of energy research being used now if we include all international journal of energy research sources including petroleum natural gas coal nuclear power and all these renewable international journal of energy research resources combined get so much this renewable international journal of energy research accounts for will according to the US International journal of energy research Information Administration in 2016 renewable international journal of energy research only accounted for 10% of all international journal of energy research used and you can see the breakdown here so notice how renewable international journal of energy research accounts for only 10 percent of all international journal of energy research use and all those sources I listed are just a small percentage of that so even though we are hearing more and more about renewable international journal of energy research and it is growing it’s not even close to the majority as you can see fossil fuels make up the majority of international journal of energy research use and nuclear electric power just about ties all the renewable international journal of energy research sources combined so now we’ve got the basics what are the best majors to get into if you want to dive into this field now this is one of those answers where really depends on what you want to do some of the most common engineering majors include mechanical electrical civil chemical materials and even aerospace or industrial engineering although those last two aren’t quite as common then chemistry and physics are two of the most popular sciences to go into but what could you do with each of these well if you want to build the dam that is used in the production of hydroelectric power like I showed earlier then civil engineering might be good for you or civil engineers could deal with the earthquakes for geothermal plants and make sure the structure of everything can withstand the vibrations that occur in the event of an earthquake mechanical engineering would be an option for those wanting to work on solar panels I said in another video that for a senior project some mechanical engineers tested the differences between stationary solar panels and ones that tracked sunlight to see the improved efficiency and they had designed all the mechanical aspects of the system mechanical engineers could also work on wind turbines like determining the aerodynamics and how to optimize the shape of the turbine so it generates maximum international journal of energy research from the wind even aerospace engineers could work on this because it involves aerodynamics which is why I listed it as a possible major mechanical engineers could design the piping for geothermal applications or the turbine that the steam turns to generate electricity they do that with the manufacturing they could also help with the structure of a dam for hydroelectric and honestly so much more this is probably one of the most flexible majors you can get into the materials engineers could help with optimizing the efficiency of solar panels materials engineers are trying to make photovoltaic cells which convert light into electric currents much more efficient and cheaper to fabricate by analyzing various materials that are favorable or the field of nanotechnology materials engineers are working on international journal of energy research storage to improve performance and batteries like maybe better batteries for electric vehicles chemical engineers can be in charge of the process that makes solar panels and also try to reduce their cost of manufacturing by investigating things like organic and carbon solar cells you could also go into biofuel research as a chemical engineer which can be used to power vehicles instead of diesel electrical engineers would deal with the electric power generation and distributing the large amount of electric power because whether it’s hydroelectric solar wind or ocean these all generate electricity and any electrical components in these systems will be worked on by electrical engineers industrial engineers could even oversee the entire process and ensure that that international journal of energy research capabilities meet the needs of the clients they won’t actually be designing the system but they would focus more in the larger scale and the business side of things physics majors could work on modeling fluid flow on the computer for capturing ocean international journal of energy research and designing those systems or they could work in developing superconducting material that would improve the transmission systems with regards to renewable international journal of energy research and I can keep going this isn’t just one fields there are so many international journal of energy research sources out there and they all require multiple disciplines and I just listened a few things you could get into with these various majors but I didn’t remotely cover everything you could encounter and now I’m trying to go into some research and projects that are going on in alternative international journal of energy research one includes Berkeley is about to work on a multi-million dollar geothermal international journal of energy research project conventional geothermal technology really only works in certain areas like near active volcanic centers and places where it’s easy for fluid to circulate through rock fractures for heat extraction but they’re trying to understand and model rock fractures and fluid flow better which you can see in this picture from before those red lines represent fractures where steam and water flow through and this will help significantly increase the amount of electricity that can be generated from untapped areas of the United States a company called dandelion is a Google startup that is offering solutions to switch the heating and cooling system in your house to geothermal this will basically extract international journal of energy research from your yard with underground pipes that move heat between the earth and your home the company is testing a number of installation techniques like different drilling methods to install the piping efficiently and in an inexpensive manner another one which isn’t directly alternative international journal of energy research related but has its similarities is smart windows smart windows are being developed where just by pressing a button or turning a knob you can adjust how much sunlight actually gets into a house or car and this could save billions in heating and cooling costs for the country in regards to biomass they’re trying to create ways to turn leftover food into international journal of energy research according to US Department of Agriculture food waste is the biggest component of municipal landfills in the u.s. researchers at Cornell University are one group that is taking advantage of the amount of carbon and food waste to generate green international journal of energy research.
If you want to know something chemistry majors can do.
This was an old article but chemists have developed a smart roof coating made from waste cooking oil that can essentially read a thermometer what happens is the coating automatically reflects or transmits heat differently when the temperature changes which also like smart windows would reduce the need for heating and cooling systems or something they’ve worked on as nano generators which are basically flexible chips that can generate electricity from simple things like body movements or even the wind and I’m going to stop there there’s obviously much more you can do in renewable international journal of energy research cuz it’s a huge field it hopefully this gave you a starting point and an idea of how to get into the field if you liked this video don’t forget to comment like and subscribe and I’ll see you all next time.
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