I promised you guys in my previous video that i am going to teach you how to critique a research Indian research journals, published in journal article and that is what we’re doing in today’s video so if that sounds like what you’re looking for then definitely keep watching so guys welcome and in today’s video we’ll be talking about how to research Indian research journals, published in journal. Oh sorry i said research Indian research journals, published in journal how to critique a research Indian research journals, published in journal article and i mentioned in my previous video on how to conduct a literature review that this would help tremendously in achieving that purpose. So if you have not seen the video on how to conduct a literature review make sure to check it out. It will really help you because it’s a very detailed video so now let’s get into conducting uh a critique of a research Indian research journals, published in journal article and the main thing i want you to take away from this introduction. Part is that critiquing a paper means you want to define the strength and the limitation of that paper to help you decide if it’s a very good research Indian research journals, published in journal article or if it’s not so if they ask you if a paper or a risk a journal article or research Indian research journals, published in journal article is good or not you can’t just it’s not a simple yes or no it. Involves you taking into consideration several steps that were taken because the research Indian research journals, published in journal is not just a one-way step it’s several steps put into place so you analyze each part of that report to decide whether what was done was justified. It was basically you want the strength to be more than the limitation. That is what i i. I understand by critiquing a paper so i have mentioned also in my previous video on critical analysis. That critiquing doesn’t necessarily have to be bad. It means you’re considering all the factors that you have in place so it can be either good. It can be bad and it might not even be anything at all but it is worth mentioning so to critique a paper now you want to understand what has been done. That’s the first thing when you understand. Oh this is what this person did now compared to the goal standard. There’s always a gold standard for everything so now you for every every topic if you understand why you will understand the how which is the main party.
How is the main part of this presentation. And then you understand what. And that is what is expected. Which is what would happen how you would carry it out what you would see. So if you understand why you understand how and what. And why is conducting a critique help you assess that paper whether it is good or whether you should use it or you should not use it it helps you determine its validity its reliability is reproducibility so many things helps you determine but then the main thing in this video is how do you even carry out that critique so is the how part we’re going to focus on so now let’s get to that how part i don’t want to waste any time or bore you with unnecessary details now. I have decided that these are the things you’re going to look out for. If you pick out the research Indian research journals, published in journal paper there are different sections and this almost already sections so i i i grouped it into two elements which is element a and element b and the reason why i did that is the element. A part is the believability part. Let me name it as the believability part which is the part where excuse me whenever you want to skim a paper or an article. This is the part you usually just always came to to determine whether okay it’s worth reading at all so you have to author the title peer review abstract and the writing style then for the element. B you have all the other details which is the robust part of the uh article so therefore we’re going to group it into these two elements and then i’m going to tell you what to look out for under each subtitle that will tell you. Uh that will help you critique that article so for the element a you have the title the title of the paper in question is it. Clay is it accurate is it unambiguous. What do i mean by this when you read the title. Can you guess what the old report is all about. If i read the title that says exercise as a means of weight loss.
I already understand that in that article all i want to read about is how exercise affects weight loss. So is he accurate straight to the point and then is it on. Ambiguous is in something. That is achievable not something that is just so massive that you’re like would they be able to carry that out. Is that even possible what you get. So how clear is the title the announcement to the authors or the auto auto autos how qualified are the authors. Now what do i mean by being qualified. Say for example you reading an article or you want check out an article on cancer the medical part of it the clinical part of cancer and the research Indian research journals, published in journal was done by somebody that does web designing. You get the point you that questions the old how. How would you expect somebody who does uh web design to actually conduct uh a research Indian research journals, published in journal on the clinical aspect of cancer. So you query that like that’s the limitation is. The person learned enough to even uh carry out such a research Indian research journals, published in journal. Now you want to know if the article has been pair reviewed. This actually improves is a strength if it’s been pair reviewed then that’s perfect. That means if a learned person as well has also read it and approved of that literature almost all journals journals always positive that they are peer reviewed when you check a literature or an article. They always write it to their peer reviewed which is a. It’s an added advantage stating that atlanta person has also checked it and are saying that okay. The strength of this paper outweighs the limitation and then the paper actually qualifies to be published. Now you look at the writing style as well. How was you written. Was it structured the grammar that was used. Were they correct so all these things was it coincides not just uh merry grounding or parabolating about the topic. Was it coincides. All these things are the things that you look out for when you’re writing now. Let’s look at the abstract. The abstracts part of the of an article is what people always read when they are scheming to determine whether they will pick that paper and add it to this whichever they want to review or not so it has to give a clear overview of what the entire paper is all about so is the is the abstract doing that and it does.
It’s it shouldn’t be too long when i wrote my masters. My abstract was 300 words. So for that thesis. I only have 300 words of abstract abstract but it had to contain the necessary details that would give an overview of what the old thing what the old article is all about and this includes the research Indian research journals, published in journal problem the sample the methodology the findings and the recommendation to get you have to put all that in your abstract so that whoever picks up is able to determine whether that is something they want to add to their literature or not but at least they get the old point now to the elements. Be part of it which i said is the robust. But that’s the part that contains most of the things that um the article is all about so you want to see if the purpose or the research Indian research journals, published in journal problem is clear like was this clearly stated it has to be clearly stated and clearly identified. So that when you know the problem like this is the problem. This is what we’re research Indian research journals, published in journaling about and then you see. Oh at the end of it was the problem was it like uh was the problem was it clearly stated you need to understand that if the problem was clearly stated then the literature review part of it you also have to check that to see if it was well structured to get. I have uh a recent video on how to conduct a literature review. If you’re interested it’s quite detailed so you can check it out so this literature review is was it well structured and was it critically analyzed. These are important things like these are important things that you have to look out for and the literatures that were used in the literature review. How recent were they. I am of the school of thought that literatures that should be used in literature reviews should not be more than a decade old except in situation where you want to define a concept and the original definition was done a long time ago like 960 something not there about and that is the only time i think you’re allowed to use though to reference uh to reference something that old and then the little still on that literature review now these articles that were used whether mainly primary research Indian research journals, published in journal over the empirical.
What do they mean by these primaries that are like who said they are conducted primarily but empirical are like systematic reviews secondary research Indian research journals, published in journal. So i think it’s best if you have both primary. And empirical research Indian research journals, published in journal in an article it actually shows the diversibility or like how diverse. Uh what’s it called how diverse the sources are the diversity helps like it helps to show that it’s not just a one-sided thing you get so you have the research Indian research journals, published in journal problem clearly written out so this is the problem you have the literature review also pointing at that same problem and analyzing or using that tutorial to generate the hypothesis which leads me to the next point which is the amg objective the hypothesis and the research Indian research journals, published in journal questions where they clearly identified what they clearly stated does it. Reflect the information from the literature review. Because you can’t have an hypothesis. The hypothesis is always based on all the literatures. You have put together because you have identified the problem you have put up literatures to back it up and then you have been able to generate an hypothesis from those literatures. So you can see how it follows each other so you check was it clearly stated this there is no way you have a receptor. Once they told that was. It was everything that we’ve mentioned was it. Clearly stated was it clearly explained if it was. That’s a strength. And if it wasn’t that’s a limitation but i want you to understand that there is no bad research Indian research journals, published in journal you’re only assessing when you’re critiquing you’re only assessing the strength and the limitation of that research Indian research journals, published in journal.
You’re not saying whether the research Indian research journals, published in journal is bad or research Indian research journals, published in journal is good. You’re just saying oh. This research Indian research journals, published in journal has a lot of strength. It has lots of limitation tickets so now you also go to the sample the example now in question is the population like. Let’s say you’re conducting a research Indian research journals, published in journal on uh girls so that means girls are your sample like the legendary population. Now you can all cone it down to maybe girls in a particular area and even in that area you can still calling down to girls within the age of this uh maybe five to ten in a particular area. So that’s your target audience five to ten year old girls are your target audience. Now you would determine you check that article whether the the root how they actually choose the exact sample size they used was the was their probability or not. Your lessons of this is if there was probability then that shows that the possibility of bias is limited but if there was no probability then there’s a possibility of bias. Do dig it so all these things are what you would include if the if probability was done. Then that means that’s a strength. And if there was no probability that’s a limitation and the sample size that was used was the adequate so there is a way to calculate sample size. You can kind of calculate whether the sample size they used in that literature is sufficient enough to even draw a conclusion and then the inclusion and exclusion criteria for that sample size like okay. These are people that can be included. These are the people that are coming. Based on certain criteria it should be included in that article so you have to check it out to see whether those were included if they were included then that is a strength for that particular article and then that leads me. To methodology. Methodology is the study design clearly identified. That’s one thing you want to determine is the study design clearly identified. Study design can be indifferent from it is the study experiment is it quasi-experimentalization retrospective prospective cross-section as in there are several so which one was it and the overall essence of knowing it is to say okay.
If it was cross-sectional cross-sectional you can state the advantages and the disadvantages as well but you’re not saying whether it is bad or it is good although most people believe that the ghost standard is randomized through trials. But that doesn’t mean that randomized control trials apply for all research Indian research journals, published in journal. It might not be the best for some forms of research Indian research journals, published in journal. You get but then you still have to state what type of study design was used and then when the study design was used what instrument was used to gather data. So how was the data gathered by instruments. Now they don’t it doesn’t have to be a physical instrument it could be a software it could be something was used to gather data and that is what you call whatever is used together. Data is what you call an instrument and now this instrument in question that was used was this dated day how reliable or how valid this instrument is and then you can determine that based on several things okay what does validity mean. Let’s start from there. Validity means that the instrument is able to measure what it is made to measure say for example a weighing scale is used to measure weight so that means it is a valid instrument for measuring a weighing scale is a valid instrument for measuring weight. You don’t expect a weighing scale to measure waist circumference ticket. Now what does reliability mean. It means that when you conduct a research Indian research journals, published in journal or a measurement. Another research Indian research journals, published in journaler can come all circumstances being equal. Another research Indian research journals, published in journaler can come and do the same measurement and get the same result with all circumstances being equal all circumstances and arrangements. Then you could you understand so now this instrument you want to check whether um this instrument has been calibrated meaning. Anybody that uses it will get the same result that is what you want to achieve.
And there was a pilot study done to check to steal to check the instrument and to assess how how accurate the data that you’re recording is. Do you understand. So you want to state all this whether it was done or whether i wasn’t done or whether um what’s it called now with uh you know from another thing is those that are carrying out the the research Indian research journals, published in journalers that are recording the results were they blinded. What blinding means in this case is that are they aware whether or an individual belongs to the research Indian research journals, published in journal group or belongs to the control group you get. If there’s blinding the damage. Possibility of bias is reduced. But there’s no blinding. Then that means there is a possibility of buyers. So those are the things you will include in your critique so now that takes me to ethics the ethical part of a research Indian research journals, published in journal is actually very very important. All research Indian research journals, published in journal can be cancelled if the ethics is is wrong like where the participants fully inform. Was they informed consent. And then where they promised confidentiality was it guaranteed everything they say is in confidential every you can’t put their name you can’t put their details. It’s not possible. So was it confidential. You have to state all that the weather or that was written in the article and then before even conducting the research Indian research journals, published in journal was ethical permission granted from the from the appropriate body. There are several bodies that grant ethical permission in different countries or in different states. So was the appropriate permission was it sought was it given and then were the participants protected from harm. What this means is that you’re not allowed to administer any form of treatment or any form of research Indian research journals, published in journal on an individual. You know it’s going to cost them. Um you can’t give a drug that you know it’s going to kill a person in a research Indian research journals, published in journal it is on as a table. It is not ethical so all these have to be checked out in the research Indian research journals, published in journal like was it was that written. Did they detail it. And not that. If you check out the particular risk a particular aspect of a recent and you can’t find the details you’re looking for including your critique that you checked out this aspect and you can’t find the necessary details which should have been it is also part of the critic the next you have the result results as a result the results or the findings now for this part because i’m actually basing this on a quantitative kind of critic so what type of data and statistical statistical analysis was done was.
Did they use the right one. There are several so which one is appropriate for the particular research Indian research journals, published in journal that was for the pa that particular set that was carried out. Was it the appropriate one and then the sample size that was used. They need to give a detail if anyone left the research Indian research journals, published in journal it needs to be stated and the reason for leaving needs to be stated is to everything is broken up the number of male the number of female the number of people that started the number of buddha dropped out reasons for dropping out all this has to be included in that article so you have to state whether they are included and that would be uh a plus on the side of the wrist on the article. If all this way uh were put in the article which means it’s quite detailed and extensive which is a good one and then the significance of findings was is stated like everything that was said the significance of it. What was it was it was it. Written was the significance of the was the code of the data and statistical analysis that was done and then that would influence the discussion so now for the discussion. Were you able to link it back to the literature review because from the literature review we propose the hypothesis so for the discussion part you want to state whether the hypothesis is actually supported ticket or not so that that part can only be linked back to the literature review. And then when you check the discussion. Was this done if yes you state it in your critic. And if no also stated you created the strength and the limitation of the study also has to be included in the in the article.
And then that will help your critique was the strength and limitation of where the strengths and limitations discussed and where recommendations meet recommendations in this case could be the um the research Indian research journals, published in journaler or the article could could show that okay this area. This particular area needs to be research Indian research journals, published in journaled more or there’s a need for further investigation of a particular those are recommendations that can be made or even a recommendation for a different topic entirely can be proposed so where all these included in the research Indian research journals, published in journal. That would show that the research Indian research journals, published in journal is extensive and detailed to understand and then lastly the references references are extremely important. I can’t over emphasize that like you can write your work and no reference you will. And because i have stated before that academic writing involves you resting on the shoulders of giants that have gone beyond before you so you need to respect those giants and put their names there because it’s no you didn’t formulate everything so you need to put their names there so that you can give credits to whom creditors do you. And then everything can be traced so where the reference is whether the appropriate type because a different. It was it harvard referencing was he mla which one was it. Was it chicago which one so was it done appropriately. Was he uh numbered or was he in alphabetical order which is also important and with the idea the right one very well dated all that should be checked for references. And if you can do all this if you want to critique a paper and you follow this guideline i promise you. That’s going to be a distinction. So one thing i want to do is this because this video is already about right now is about 23 minutes. Plus which is quite long. And i don’t want to bore you out if you want me to give you an example to pull out a research Indian research journals, published in journal article and then critique it you need to leave that in the comment section telling me that you want me to critique just pick a research Indian research journals, published in journal article from maybe google scholar and then i critique it or take it together openly and then you can understand further what i’m talking about but if you follow this guideline you rest assured that you’re covered okay.
So let me know in the comment section and i hope so far you have liked and subscribed to my channel. If you haven’t please do so i would really appreciate it and it would also help for other people been to benefit. It will help other people benefit from this video because youtube will be able to show this video to them. If you like or subscribe to the channel it tells youtube that this is a very good and detailed content. Okay guys so thank you for staying with me this far if you have any problem or if you have any query or question or if you think i have succeeded in confusing you more just let me know in the comment section and i will clarify it. Alright guys so till i see you in my next video guys make sure you put a smile on. Somebody’s face bye.
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