Global Research Letters

Writing a Good Academic Paper

I scream, you scream, we all scream when we have to write a long paper and how to write a research paper. But,   with the right process of how to write a paper research, we might  not have to scream quite as loudly. It’s pretty safe to assume that, no matter what  your major, large writing projects and how to write a paper research are going to   be a part of your academic career, and, honestly,  when you have to say something interesting, juggle   multiple sources, and write compelling sentences  on top of that, it can all be more than a little   overwhelming. Luckily, with a good process of how to write a paper research in mind for working on a project, you can break a huge,   complicated task into more manageable phases.  Then, instead of trying to do everything all   at once, you can focus on doing one thing at a  time, letting each step build on the one that   came before it. Today we’re going to talk about my  process for writing an academic paper and how to write a research paper, and I want   to emphasize that this is my process of how to write a paper research: everybody  will work and write in slightly different ways, so   this is a place to start—not an outline of the one  true way to write an academic paper and how to write a research paper. As you gain   more experience in writing and how to write a paper research, you can adapt this process to suit your own needs and preferences.   Of course, it could go without saying that each  of these points could be a video on its own,   so don’t hesitate to let me know in the comments  if there’s something you’d like me to talk about   in greater detail in the future. And, also, if you  haven’t already, I’d encourage you to subscribe:   it’s helpful to us, and it’s a great way to make  sure that you don’t miss out on all of the endless   fun that we have to offer. And, with that,  here’s a look at my academic writing process and how to write a paper research. A lot of my process of how to write a paper research is honestly pretty invisible.  Most of the work that goes into writing a   good paper and how to write a research paper isn’t actual writing. But it’s all  important, and it starts with paying attention.   You see, one of the very first things that you need to do is decide what your paper and how to write a research paper is even going   to be about, and paying attention is the best way I know of to find that initial direction.

Usually big writing assignments come at the end of a class, so, by then, you will have spent a   lot of time reading, doing various assignments,  and participating in classroom discussions and how to write a paper research.   If you pay attention to what’s happening in class, you’ll have a pretty good idea of the   various options that are available to you as  you settle on a general topic for your paper and how to write a research paper.   It’s also valuable to pay attention to what’s  going on in your real life, too. What catches   your interest? What bothers you? What sorts of  things are showing up in the news or in your   community? If you can find a connection between the real world and what’s going on in class,   you’ll be in an even better position to how to write a paper research. Good  ideas are all around you and writing teachers   are probably more flexible when it comes  to picking topics than you might think for how to write a paper research,   so pay attention and be receptive to the  good ideas that will meet you along the way. Okay, so paying attention in general is a good  start, but there will, of course, come a time when   you have to commit to something, and that involves  narrowing your general idea into a more specific   topic. Now, a lot of writing teachers—including  me—tell their students that they should pick a   topic that they’re genuinely interested in because  that investment will help them to enjoy the   writing process more and will probably facilitate  their writing a better paper and how to write a research paper. Of course, to be   really honest, that’s not totally necessary. I  myself have written a lot of paper and how to write a research papers that I wasn’t   particularly invested in because I had to write  something. No,w was it a particularly fulfilling   writing experience? Well, no, not really, but it  did get the assignment done on time, and that’s   really what counts in the end. And now that’s not  to say that you shouldn’t pick a topic that you’re   genuinely interested in—just know that you don’t  have to be especially invested in your topic to   write a good paper and how to write a research paper. When it comes to academic  writing, sometimes done is more important than   fun.

Now, what does narrowing look like? In one  writing class I took, I had the assignment to   write a paper and how to write a research paper on the general topic of food. Now, I  had paid attention in class, so I knew some things   about nutrition and food availability and stuff  like that. And I was also paying attention in the   real world, so I had noticed that how to write a paper research, on certain days  of the week, there was a farmers market on my way   to and from campus. So, based on paying attention,  I had some general ideas about food and a more   focused direction related to farmers markets. Now,  I wasn’t especially fascinated by farmers markets,   but it was something I could still see myself  writing about. Then I had to think about the   requirements of the assignment to how to write a paper research. I only had five  pages, so I couldn’t write about all farmers   markets in the world: there just wasn’t enough  space. And it probably wouldn’t make a lot of   sense to write an argument to a specific vendor  at a farmers market because that also probably   wouldn’t take up five pages. So I decided to  write something about the farmers market at my   university in how to write a paper research. Now I didn’t know yet exactly what  I was going to say about it, but I figured that   was something I could cover effectively in five  pages. And, with that, I started on my research.  Like other phases in my writing process,  gathering or research isn’t really writing:   it’s an important part of knowing about things,  but it’s also its own thing. Additionally,   because formal research isn’t really necessary for  all writing projects and how to write a paper research, I like to think in terms of   gathering rather than researching. Especially for  academic writing, gathering involves collecting   sources—that is, using library databases and  search engines to find books and articles related   to your topic. For example, for my farmer’s market  paper and how to write a research paper, I spent some time discovering articles in   the school newspaper and how to write a research paper, researching similar programs  at other institutions, and even learning about   farmers markets and nutrition in general.

Once  I gather articles and other sources, I also like   to spend some time gathering specific quotations  from those sources that I might use in a paper and how to write a research paper.   Not only does this help me to understand  my sources better, but it also saves me the   trouble of trying to track down those quotations  later when it comes time to write the paper and how to write a research paper.   But library research isn’t the only way to  gather information for a writing project.   If you’re doing a rhetorical analysis paper and how to write a research paper, you might be gathering a list of details in   the thing you’re analyzing and your rhetorical  interpretations of them for how to write a paper research. Or, for another project,   you may be gathering survey responses,  participant interviews, or scientific data.   In any case, what you’re doing when you’re  gathering is collecting information that will   help you to understand your topic well  enough to write about it. Ultimately,   the goal of gathering involves learning enough so  that you have something worthwhile to say. That   means knowing what other people have said so  that you don’t just repeat them, and it also   involves knowing what other people haven’t said  so that you can find your unique contribution to   the discussion for how to write a paper research. Then, once you have your knowledge  gathered into one spot, it’s time to process it. Before we go much further, it’s worth pointing  out that these steps for how to write a paper research don’t necessarily happen   in order, nor do they have to happen only once in  the process. Really, processing happens throughout   the project, and, sometimes, it even leads to more  gathering. At any rate, when I say “processing,” in how to write a paper research I   mean thinking through what you already know and  what you need to accomplish in order to finish   your assignment. Processing really means putting  the pieces together into a single coherent idea.   The processing stage for me doesn’t usually  involve a lot of writing: it’s something that   happens when I’m driving or walking or brushing  my teeth.

It’s a practice of reflecting on what   I’ve collected through the gathering stage  and then trying to connect the various dots.   So, to illustrate, when I was writing my  farmer’s market paper and how to write a research paper, I gathered a lot of   interesting sources. I had an interview from the  director of dining services at my university.   I had some studies about farmers market nutrition  programs. And I even had a recipe from the farmers   market at my university. So I had to spend  some time seeing how those different pieces   fit together. The director of dining services  in the interview that I had said that he hoped   that the farmers market would be a way of getting  more nutritious food into the hands of students,   but the recipe that I had from the farmers  market was really complicated and time-consuming.   When I looked at similar programs for how to write a paper research at other  places, they had simpler recipes, and I even   read how one article talked about incentivizing  seniors to participate in farmers markets by   giving them coupons for their first visit. As  I put all those pieces together, I started to   settle onto my central argument: I wanted to find  a way to help the dining services people to bring   more students into the farmers market in a more  meaningful way. When it comes to academic writing,   planning well saves me a lot of the pain of  trying to figure out what I’m even going to say.   If you’ve ever stared at a blank page and a stack  of resources and then tried to crank out 10 to 30   pages of academic prose, the gap between where you  start and where you need to end up can be pretty   daunting. So, for me, the difference between just  winging it and writing with a plan is kind of like   the difference between just walking out your front  door and wandering around until you find somewhere   to get ice cream versus walking out your door with  GPS guidance to the best ice cream shop in town.   With a good plan, you’ll know where you’re going,  and you’ll also know when you’ve gotten there.

Writing a paper and how to write a research paper the night before it’s due, is really hard. Now, writing that paper and how to write a research paper and making   up your argument and trying to figure out how to use all your sources all at the same time is   even harder. So do yourself a favor and take some  time to plan your paper and how to write a research paper first. For me, planning   almost always takes the form of an outline:  I write out my central argument or thesis,   and then I think about what I will need to tell  my audience in order to get them on the same page.   It’s important to keep your audience in mind as  you plan because they’re the ones you really need   to persuade. So make sure that your argument  will make sense for them in how to write a paper research. For example, it just   wouldn’t have made a lot of sense for me to try  to persuade the dining services people to spend   millions of dollars to expand the farmers market:  they just wouldn’t have had the budget for that,   and so they wouldn’t have been very responsive to  my argument. Instead, I tried to persuade them to   simplify their recipe suggestions and to consider  giving students a voucher for their first visit   so that they could familiarize themselves  with the farmers market and its offerings.   That was a much more doable and, consequently,  much more persuasive thing to argue.  Now, if you ask me, writing is nothing more and  nothing less than putting words on the page.   Everything that we’ve talked about up to this  point supports writing, but it isn’t writing.   Because of that, a lot of the work that you do  before actually writing might feel like a waste of   time because, after all, it’s not writing. But it  will make the process of writing so much easier.   Once you have your sources gathered and you have  your thoughts straightened out and you have a plan   in place, you already know what you’re going to  say. Then, all you have to do is say it. When I   sit down to write, it’s mostly a process of taking  my outline and putting it into words. I’ve already   figured out what my main points are and where they  go—all I have to do is explain them to my reader.

As I write, I quote from my sources, explain their  relevance, and I show my work to my readers so   that they know where my thinking comes from. When  you do the work to think and plan before you sit   down to write, your first draft really isn’t going  to be a rough draft because you’ve already worked   through a lot of the issues that typically show up  in a rough draft. At the same time, though, this   also isn’t the time to get too worked up about  things like word choice or sentence structure:   the main purpose of the writing phase is just  to get your thoughts out on paper and how to write a research paper. As long as   you have a few hours left before class, there’s  still plenty of time to get things polished up. Okay let’s take some time for some real talk.  First, revision is an essential part of the   writing process, and you will always end up with  a better paper and how to write a research paper if you take some time to revise it.   Second, school doesn’t always give you time to  revise. I’ve written a lot of paper and how to write a research papers at the last   minute—not because I procrastinated, but because  the last minute was the first chance I had to work   on them. That’s why thoughtful pre-writing  can be so valuable: do the early work well   and write with a good plan in mind, and then,  if you only have time to write one draft,   it will probably be a lot stronger than if you  just tried to start writing everything in a single   nightmarish last-minute binge. Hopefully, though,  you will have some time to revise, and, if you do,   here are some things to consider. Before I turn  a paper and how to write a research paper in, I’ll always read it out loud. You’ll   notice things about your writing when you say it  out loud that you might never notice if you only   read it silently. I can’t tell you how many times  I’ve had discouraged students come into my office   with really confusing paragraphs. When I ask  them to forget about writing and to just explain   their ideas to me, they always do a really  great job.

And so then I always have to ask,   “Why don’t you just write what you just said?”  People like to make a big deal about how writing   and speaking are really different things, but  they’re not all that different. So, if it doesn’t   make sense or sound right when you’re saying  it, you probably shouldn’t be writing it either.   If you can take some time to ignore your paper and how to write a research paper and  go do something else, do. It’s much easier to find   what’s not working in your paper and how to write a research paper when you’ve given  yourself a break and taken some time off. And,   of course, keep in mind that revising isn’t just  editing. This isn’t about fixing commas—it’s about   making your paper and how to write a research paper better—that is, making sure  that you’re actually saying what you mean to say   and ensuring that your audience will understand  it in the way that you hope they will.   Really, revision is the process of learning to see  your paper and how to write a research paper the way a reader would see it, so don’t   bore them, don’t waste their time, don’t talk down  to them. Instead, focus on giving them the least   that they need in order to be persuaded by the  argument that you’re trying to make. Revision is   the hard but rewarding process of putting your  feelings on hold in order to make your paper and how to write a research paper   as strong as it can be. So you might love that  paragraph about the random fact you discovered   when you did your research, but if that fun fact  isn’t moving your paper and how to write a research paper forward, it’s doing more   harm than good. Be willing to make those kinds of  sacrifices so that your paper and how to write a research paper can really shine. And, after all that, it’s finally time to turn it  in and to get some ice cream and maybe to consider   changing majors. Whatever happens, though, you  can be certain that you wrote a paper and how to write a research paper, and you   can have some confidence that it was a good paper and how to write a research paper  because you used a good process to produce it.   When it comes to writing an academic paper and how to write a research paper, a  good process can really save you a lot of time and   anxiety. Of course, this process doesn’t have to  be your process exactly, but whatever you end up   doing specifically, an effective writing process  will probably include these steps: 1.

Paying   attention to what’s going on so that you can find  an idea. 2. Narrowing that idea to a more specific   topic. 3. Gathering information and understanding  on your chosen topic. 4. Processing all that you   have gathered to develop a coherent argument.  5. Planning your paper and how to write a research paper so that you can write   with purpose 6. Writing well because that’s why  we’re here, and 7. Revising so that your paper and how to write a research paper   can be as strong as possible. Give this process a  try and feel free, of course, to adapt it to your   own needs and workflow. If you liked this video,  like this video, and, if it was helpful to you, be   helpful and share it with a friend or a classmate. Catch you next time! Additionally formal research isn’t  really necessary for some writing   projects and because of that i like to  think of this face as… “this face…” …Oh, I’m cracking myself up…

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