Hello friends. Today we are going to study meaning and process of research steps in research process in detail. Following steps we are going to study in detail. Please watch my video till end because you will found different examples for each and every step we are going to study in detail. Business research steps in research process is a process of acquiring detailed information from all business areas and using that information to maximize business sales and profits. This study helps companies determine which product or service is most profitable or most in demand. Step number 1. Formulating research steps in research process problem. “Problem clearly stated is a problem half solved”. The first and most important step in research steps in research process is the formulation of research steps in research process problems. It is like the base of a building to be built. To solve a problem, someone needs to know about the problem. Therefore, the identification and formulation of the problem is very crucial for the research steps in research processer before conducting a research steps in research process, and this is perhaps one of the most difficult aspects of any research steps in research process enterprise. The research steps in research processer needs to refine the topic and clearly state what is intended to be explored on the topic. The formulation of the research steps in research process problem basically includes narrowing the research steps in research process data and formulating the objectives. Once the research steps in research process problem has been formulated, the topic is ready to be subjected to scientific investigation. For example as a public health student, with the intention of working with HIV / AIDS patients, research steps in research processer may want to conduct research steps in research process in an area related to HIV / AIDS. Step number 2. Literature review. A literature review is a comprehensive summary of past research steps in research process on a topic. The literature review searches from academic articles, books and other sources relevant to a specific area of research steps in research process. The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify that previous research steps in research process. It must provide a theoretical basis for the research steps in research process and assist research steps in research processer in determining the nature of research steps in research process. The literature review recognizes the work of previous research steps in research processers.
It is assumed that, when mentioning a previous work in the field of study, the author has read, evaluated and assimilated that work. For example, a book that examines the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role that Egypt played in mediating the conflict, or browse the index for pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text. Step number 3. Development of hypothesis A hypothesis is a specific prediction about a new phenomenon that must be observed if a specific theory is accurate. Hypothesis are developed by considering existing evidence and using reasoning to infer what will happen in the specific context of interest. There is no correct number of hypotheses to consider. The number depends on the nature of the analytical problem and how advanced you are in analyzing it. A simple hypothesis is a prediction of the relationship between two variables: the independent variable and the dependent variable. For example how does the amount of makeup one applied affect how clear the skin is? Here, the independent variable is makeup and the dependent variable is skin. Step number 4. Preparing research steps in research process design After formulating a research steps in research process problem, research steps in research processer will have to prepare the research steps in research process design. That is, research steps in research processer needs to declare the conceptual framework within which the research steps in research process would be carried out. Decisions on what, where, when, how much and by what means of research steps in research process constitute a research steps in research process design. It helps research steps in research processer to be as efficient as possible with maximum information. It is a plan for data collection, measurement and analysis. A good research steps in research process design must be flexible, appropriate, efficient and economical. There are different types of research steps in research process design available. Explanatory research steps in research process focuses on why questions. For example it is one thing to describe the crime rate in a country, to examine trends over time or to compare the rates in different countries. It is quite a different thing to develop explanations about why the crime rate is as high as it is? why some types of crime are increasing? or why the rate is higher in some countries than in others? Step number 5.
Determining sample design All items under consideration in any field constitute Universe or Population. The complete inclusion of all items in the population is known as Census. But this type of investigation requires a lot of time, money and energy. Therefore, we can select only a few items from the universe. The selected items constitute sample and the way the sample is selected is called sample design. A good sample design must represent the population and must be viable in the context of costs. The sample must be such that the results can be applied to the universe with a reasonable level of confidence. For example research steps in research processer plan to select only 20 out of 200 city’s drug store in a particular way is called sample design. Step number six. Data collection Data collection is the process of collecting and measuring information about targeted variables in an established system, which allows research steps in research processer to answer relevant questions and evaluate the results. Data collection is a component of research steps in research process in all fields of study including physical and social sciences, humanities and business. There are two types of data. Primary and secondary. Primary data are collected afresh and first time through survey, experiment and interviews. Secondary data is data that has already been collected through primary sources and made readily available for use by research steps in research processers. The research steps in research processer must select one of these methods, taking into account the nature of the research steps in research process objective, the scope of the investigation, the financial resource, the time available and the degree of precision desired. For examples research steps in research process on online review of customer in which customer writes about a product, an answer to an open research steps in research process question about what type of videos a consumer likes to watch online and the conversation a customer had with a customer service representative.
Step number 7. Execution of project. If the execution proceeds on the correct line, the data to be collected will be adequate and reliable. The research steps in research process must be carried out systematically and over time. If the survey is conducted by question, the data can be processed on the machine. If interviews are conducted, interviewers must be selected and trained accordingly. Occasional field checks should be made to ensure that interviewers are carrying out their work with sincerity and efficiency. For example, a criterion such as the adequacy of facilities and equipment may be required for a project that requires sophisticated laboratory techniques, but would be largely irrelevant in a desk study. Step number eight. Analysis of data Data is collected from various sources related to your research steps in research process topic. After the data is collected, it is reviewed and analyzed to reach a conclusion or form some kind of discovery. Data analysis is the process of evaluating data using logical and analytical reasoning to carefully examine each components of the data collected or provided. In business terms, data analysis plays an important role when it comes to making decisions that involve some kind of risk or uncertainty. For example, to forecast next year’s revenue, data from previous years will be analyzed. If revenue goes up 20% each year for many years, we will predict that next year’s revenue will be 20% higher than this year. Step number nine. Hypothesis testing It is a statistical act in which the research steps in research processer tests an assumption about a population parameter. The methodology used by the analyst depends on the nature of the data used and the reason for the analysis. Testing hypotheses means trying to determine whether the hypothesis is valid or invalid, whether it is accepted or rejected. Various tests, such as the chi square test, t test and f test were developed by statistics. If a research steps in research processer had no hypothesis to start, generalizations are established.
For example research steps in research processer thinks that if patients suffering knee problem undergo physical therapy twice a week , then the recovery period will be longer. The average recovery time for patients undergoing knee surgery is 8.2 weeks. Step number ten. Generalization and interpretation. If a hypothesis is tested and maintained several times, it may be possible to reach generalization, that is, to construct a theory. Interpretation means bringing up the meaning of data or converting data into information. Interpretation is useful, as the usefulness and utility of the research steps in research process results are in the proper interpretation. It helps to establish concepts that may be useful for future research steps in research processer. For example, if you want to improve a program by identifying its strengths and weaknesses, you can organize the data into program strengths, weaknesses and suggestions to improve the program. If you want to fully understand how your program works, you can organize data in chronological order in which customers go through your program. Last step. Preparation of report. Finally, the research steps in research processer must prepare a report of what was done by him. The report layout consists of Number 1. Preliminary page which carries title and date followed by acknowledgement, list of contents etc. Number 2. Main text which includes introduction, summary of finding and recommendations, main report with logical sequence with result and conclusion of report etc. Number 3. End of report includes bibliography and appendix. For example: raw data and calculations; interview questions; a glossary of terms, or other information that the reader may find useful to refer. All appendix should be clearly labelled and referred to where appropriate in the main text. Friends. Thanks you for watching my video. If you like my video then please subscribes to my channel Management by Dr. Mitul Dhimar and shares my videos.
Where to find great research papers?
Various great research journals such as Global Research Letters are a great option and way to help you look up impactful research papers with a great format. Here, you will find a number of various research papers that are provided and made available to you in the journal, which will help you write your own paper.
You can very easily find papers on a variety of topics at Global Research Letters, which will help you with your own research work and understanding of writing and publishing research papers properly. With access to so many amazing research papers, you can practice and learn the process of writing research papers and their importance.