Hi everyone. I’ll be talking on the research paper publish a research paper, how make research paper, how to make a research paper writing and publishing. I’ll try to do justice to the time allotted to me so first why to publish so you should publish not only for record for our academic growth and for a pure recognition but mainly because it is our academic responsibility so to share that what we have learned from our clinical experiences. We need to publish it. How else are we going to share our knowledge and we should not only bliss our good results but we should also publish our complications sponsibility now how to publish so first we should know what is published for that we should lead read the journals. We should create whatever literature is available on that matter. We should attend conferences interact with peers and faculty and more importantly we should maintain our records and clinical images to maintain our records. It is always better if we have made a preform of beforehand so that we can simply fill in the details in the pro forma for example if we are doing a large number of replantation x’ in those cases range-of-motion two-point discrimination and functional. Scores must be noted at every follower of the patient. This makes analysis of the data easier at a later date. We should also review our records periodically. Unfortunately most of the studies that are conducted in India are retrospective studies but it is always good to develop research plan and a thorough prospective study but there are various types of manuscripts so we will be discussing mainly about original article in the current talk so before writing for publication. We should know a few things. Firstly we should write for a specific audience so being Plastic Surgeons we have actually a wide spectrum of audience we can write in orthopaedic journals in ent journals. You know thank generals as well to basically be sure to target our audience then we should. We should research the market for example if we are planning to write a article in a specific journal and if a similar article honestly topic has been published in the past issues then.
It is very unlikely that our – script will be accepted in that journal so we should first decide which journal we want to submit and research. What all has been published in that journal now to target the journal we should also be aware of the indexing of the journal the impact factor and the subject specificity of that particular journal. We should also notice that writing. An original article for a journal is totally different from thesis writing and we should write our manuscript accordingly. Now there are a few writing tips which are common for all manuscripts and for all journals every journal has got its own checklist and instruction to the authors. We should read them beforehand so that we don’t make any mistakes. We should be simple and concise and not write complex sentences. We should know our audience. We should know our subject and more importantly we should know our purpose of writing if our writing is interpreted in more than one ways it is wrong and we should rewrite our manuscript then it is always better and preferable that we identify an ideal article from the selected journal selected journal means where we are going to send that manuscript and then based on that idea article we can frame our manuscript accordingly so that we don’t miss out on points all the characteristics or the journal requirements are adhered to acknowledgments. Should be used very very liberally. We should give credits to photographer statisticians and all those people who have contributed not necessarily as an author now coming to the anatomy of an article. Now an article has got various parts. We will discuss them briefly one by one. The first important one is the title. So title identifies the main issue of the paper publish a research paper, how make research paper, how to make a research paper so it should always be accurate specific and complete. It shouldn’t have any abbreviations and it should attract the readers. After that comes the abstract so abstract can be structured as well as non structured depending upon the requirements of the journal so in structured abstract.
It should include background the problem statement the Roach results and the conclusion a swept. After abstract and before interaction are the keywords now keywords should be the most relevant words because based on our keywords. The reader is going to find our article and is going to read it now. Coming to introduction the introduction generally makes a general statement about the subject and then it presents an overview of the current research project the body of the manuscript or body of the article consists of material methods and results of which the material and methods specifically addresses the research question. You have to write about how you address the research question. What was the technique used any specific details about the technicalities so all this is included in the material methods. What is the sample size. So this is also a part of material and methods after this comes the result which is the most important part all the results or the statistical details are included in the results. After this comes the discussion in the discussion. We compare our results with the previously published studies and in discussion view. Also propose the follow-up of our paper publish a research paper, how make research paper, how to make a research paper like what we intend to do in the future regarding this studies whether any follow-up studies planned or not so that all is mentioned in the discussion after discussion is the conclusion wherein we conclude regarding the positive and the salient features of the manuscript and then is acknowledgement. We acknowledge whoever has contributed and then is the references. Now there are different referencing system and depending upon the individual preferences and requirements of that particular journal. We need to use those referencing system for that particular manuscript to be submitted for that particular original the use of images is very important images should be good quality. Which shouldn’t be pixelated and identity of the patient should not be revealed so this is an image showing basal cell carcinoma of the eye so in this case it is not important or not necessary to show the entire face of the patient so this is the wrong way of use of images for any journal so the images should be and cropped so even if we have consent wherever it is not needed it is always better to avoid revealing identity of the patient.
We should always try and show images which reflect the function of that particular part so in this case. I opening and eye closure are shown it is always better if you can show images or other videos which show function. If videos are not available we can make animation videos so use of image are very important. We should crop the unnecessary and unwanted backgrounds. So many times we get images like these where lot of unwanted background is already there in the images and those images are directly uploaded in the journal site so it is not advisable and not recommended. It creates a very bad impression. A plagerism is an offence and totally unethical. There are a lot of software’s which can easily detect plagiarism. These days so this was one article which was published two years after one of our case. Reports and almost 80 to 90% of our data and our manuscript was replicated so it was easily identified by this plagiarism. Software now to prevent plagiarism. What we should do is we should first of all write the manuscript in our own words without copy pasting it from anywhere and once we write our manuscript from our own words then we can include the necessary references in that manuscript so that prevents plagiarism. And makes it an original article then coming to what does reviewer look for in a manuscript journals have their own guidelines the reviewer looks whether those guidelines have been added to looks at the originality of the work novelty of the concept and coverage of relevant literature by novelty of the concept. It means that whether the manuscript has got a good take home message because we can’t have new and new ideas coming up in each and every manuscript but we should at least make sure that our manuscript has got a take-home message when the review also looks at clarity of writing the readability the organization the clarity of thoughts and technical quality of the paper publish a research paper, how make research paper, how to make a research paper appropriate title and abstract makes the manuscript even more acceptable.
The conclusion should be sound and discussion should be relevant and more and more recent articles should be referenced. It’s not that you go. 30 40 50 years back and quote all the references more amount of recent references should also be included then the length of the paper publish a research paper, how make research paper, how to make a research paper relative to its usefulness is also seen and appropriate use of clinical images especially in plastic surgery literature. Good quality of images always make a good impression on the reviewer so this ad read somewhere when told. I am too busy. Treating patients do research. I answer when you treat a patient. You treat one patient when you do research you treat 10,000 patients so we should all keep this in mind and apart from clinicians we should also try to be researchers and whatever we have learned through our clinical experiences. We should try and put it in our manuscripts and submit it to various journals. So more importantly regarding writing manuscripts most of our barriers are more mental than physical. It suggests that we need to begin writing it and once you begin it it becomes easier thank you.
Where to find great research papers?
Various great research journals such as Global Research Letters are a great option and way to help you look up impactful research papers with a great format. Here, you will find a number of various research papers that are provided and made available to you in the journal, which will help you write your own paper.
You can very easily find papers on a variety of topics at Global Research Letters, which will help you with your own research work and understanding of writing and publishing research papers properly. With access to so many amazing research papers, you can practice and learn the process of writing research papers and their importance.