Global Research Letters

How to pick your target journal

Hello, my name is Anne-Wil Harzing and  I work at Middlesex University London. Today I’ll be talking about how  to pick your target journal.  I’ll be focusing in particular on  publishing research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with social impact,  but most of the things I’ll  be talking about today,  are applicable for any type of publication.  First of all, it’s really important  to remember that to have impact you  really need to publish in the outlet  that reaches the right audience. Your aim is not just to get  your publication published.  Your aim is to impact both academic  and non-academic audiences. So, let’s start with some  general tips on targeting.  You’re a research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied researcher so research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research  your journal through editorials, and professional development workshops.   Most journals will have regular editorials  about how to publish in the journal, and what is important in publishing  in that particular journal. The easiest way to find these editorials is  to simply do a search in Publish or Perish,   and in the next slide I’ll  show you how to do this. Top journals also regularly run professional  development workshops. These are normally run at   conferences, but in COVID-19 times many of these  are run online so it’s really easy to attend them.   The easiest way to find editorials  on publishing in your target journal   is to use Publish or Perish, the free software  that you can download from my website. To do the search, simply enter your  target journal in the publication name   field and enter something like editor  or editors in the title word fields.   If you do this for the Journal  of International Business Studies you’ll find a wide range of editorials, ranging from common method bias,  publishing student data, interdisciplinary  research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research, publishing qualitative research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research,   the role of theory anything  you can think of really. And here is a second general targeting  tip. This is particularly applicable   if you work in a discipline that  has a professional association that publishes a range of journals.

My example  here is about a discipline of Management, but it’s   equally applicable in any discipline in management  the main professional association is the Academy   of Management the Academy of Management  currently publishes six journals it started   out with two journals that are now about 50 to  60 years old the Academy of Management Journal   and the Academy of Management Review the Academy  of Management Journal focuses on empirical work   and the Academy of Management Review focuses  on purely conceptual or theoretical work.   Although you might well be able to publish  research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with social impact in these journals   and the Academy of Management Journal  has actually had special issues on this   I wouldn’t consider them the first choice  for this. That’s why I marked them with red. The third journal in the Academy of Management  stables is the Academy of Management Perspectives   originally this journal was mainly meant for  practicing managers and students and it was   used a lot in the classroom. Recently however  this journal has kind of reinvented itself and   is now focusing on research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research that has an impact  for public policy. So I would consider this to   be a very appropriate outlet for research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with  social impact that’s why I’ve labelled it green   the last three additions to the Academy of  Management stables are the Academy of Management   Discoveries the Academy of Management Annals and  the Academy of Management Learning and Education   of these the Academy of Management Discoveries  focuses more on phenomenon-driven research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research   and as such I would consider it quite  important for research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with social impacts   that’s why I’ve labelled the screen the  Academy of Management Annals focuses on   integrative reviews of research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research and the Academy  of Management Learning and Education focuses   on pedagogical or educational research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research both of  them might publish research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with social impact   but I wouldn’t consider them as appropriate  as the Academy of Management Perspective and   the Academy of Management Discoveries  so that’s why I’ve labelled them blue.

Okay so these were the general targeting tips  let’s now look at some specific options and   there are a lot out there so here are the seven  specific options that I’ll be discussing in this   presentation. First, of all don’t discard top  journals many of them love society’s significant   research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research. Second, if you work in Business and  Management don’t just focus on the ABS list.   Third, also think about  publishing in sister disciplines.   Fourth, you might want to have a look  at some of the new online only journals.   Fifth, there are a range of other journals  available as well. Six, how about books in   contrast to what you might think there by no means  dead, and seven blog posts a very useful option.  Number one top journals editors love society  significant research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research have a look at this list   of recent special issues these are all journals  that are top journals in Business and Management   and all of the special issue topics are of  huge societal relevance so don’t think that   job journals will not publish your research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with  social impact at the same time be realistic.   Most of disciplines only have one or two  top journals and they have very very high   rejection rates the very simple reason for this  is that top journals have very high standards   to give you one example top journals in  management and marketing will typically not   publish any research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research that uses single source data  and a lot of our research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research falls in this category   so if you want to publish in these journals you  might want to try and strike up a collaboration   with academics who’ve already published in this  journal before there is a lot of tacit knowledge   involved in what you need to do to publish in  these journals and this is best learned through   assimilation through actually collaborating  with authors who’ve done this before.  If you work in Business and Management you’ll  probably have heard of the ABS journal ranking   list rightly or wrongly many Business schools in  the UK and increasingly in other countries too,   use this journal ranking to assess the quality of  publications if you’re not working in Business and   Management this might not mean anything to you but  your field might likewise have journal rankings   that other universities use if you do work in  Business and Management and your university uses   this journal ranking list you might want to look  at three star journals that are ranked highly in   other journal ranking this and there are a lot  of ranking lists about on my website you will   find a journal ranking list that integrates  at least 18 different of these rankings.

Then another option to consider will be  new journals it’s usually a little bit   easier to publish in new journals in the first  volumes and then if that journal becomes more   prestigious later you will still have published  in the journal. However, use your common sense   to try and figure out which new journals are  likely to become more prestigious in the future   some clues you might want to use is for instance  is it published by a professional organization   I talked about the Academy of Management  journals before. Any Academy of Management   journal is likely to gain a reputation quite  quickly. Then look at publishers as well   journals that are published by prestigious  publishers are more likely to be valued in   the future than journals that are published  by publishers that are completely unknown. Business and Management is very  much an applied discipline.   So a third option might be to publish in the base  disciplines or to publish in sister disciplines   remember though that different  disciplines have different expectations   if you want to publish in Psychology journals for  instance you’ll need to remember that Psychology   journals focus very much on methodological rigor  and internal logic they tend to publish a lot of   experimental research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research and typically expect a  couple of studies in one in the same article   if you want to publish in sociology on  the other hand the emphasis is far more on   storytelling rather than empirical rigor and the  emphasis is far more on societal impact as well.

So, another option would be to publish in  open access journals that are only available   online. In Business and Management there aren’t  actually that many journals in this category   and most of the journals that are available online  only are what we call predatory journals which is   something we’ll discuss later. So many Business  and Management academics think that every online   journal is a predatory journal. That’s certainly  not the case there are some really high-quality   online journals. So, they’re basically two  groups of journals in this category. One is   what we call the mega journals these are journals  that are not focusing on a specific discipline but   publish everything that is methodologically  sound regardless of the discipline it is in.   Then there’s a second group of journals that’s  a bit more focused for instance Sage Open only   publishes in the social sciences. Sage has a good  reputation as a social science publisher, so this   is a really credible outlet if you’re looking for  an online open access journal. Then there’s for   instance Nature Human Behaviour which would be a  good option if you do for instance experimental   research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research in Behavioural Economics or Psychology  given that Nature is a really well-known journal   the brand name of nature also carries over to  some extent to this online open access journal. So now we’ve talked about publishing  in top journals and looking outside the   ABS journal ranking list, publishing in  base disciplines and sister disciplines,   and publishing in new online  open access journals, but   that doesn’t cover the whole universe of  journals. So, there’s a lot of journals left.

For those I would suggest to really do your due  diligence, because within this group there are   a huge number of really high-quality journals that  are just below the top journals, but there is also   a large group of really low quality journals  bordering in some cases on predatory journals,   which as I said we’ll discuss a bit more in a  minute. When you embark on your due diligence,   I would suggest you look at three things  in particular: the speed of the publication   trajectory, the number of articles the journal  publishes, and the extent of specialization. So, first of all the speed of publication.  Of course, you would think that   the speedier the publication the better  because you want to get your work out there.   That’s obviously true, ideally you would want to  get your work out there as quickly as possible.   But in high quality journals the peer review  process does take time, it takes at least one or   two months and in most cases three or four months  or even longer than that. And in high quality   journals it will take at least two rounds of  revisions and sometimes more than that. So, if you   see that a journal generally publishes within say  two or three months of an article being submitted,   then that’s usually not a sign that it’s a  high-quality journal. I’m not saying it’s   necessarily a low-quality journal, but it is  something you would need to look in a bit more. Then secondly the volume of publications in the  journal. Obviously, you would think the more   articles they publish the bigger the chances that  they will publish my article and that’s certainly   true. So you have a bigger chance of getting  published in a journal that publishes more   articles. But at the same time that usually also  means that our quality standards are quite a bit   lower than journals that publish far fewer  articles. So in the field of Business and   Management most journals, most high quality  journals, typically publish between say 50   and 150 articles a year some maybe 200-250, but  generally not more than that.

So if you’re looking   at a journal that publishes 500-600 or even up  to a thousand articles a year it’s another sign   to look at it in a bit more detail to ensure  that they do uphold their quality standards.   Another signal that you might want  to look out for is a journal that is   rapidly increasing its number of publications,  so say going from 100 publications 10 years ago   to 800-900 publications right now. That’s  usually not a great sign of quality. Then finally you might be tempted to publish in  a journal that’s really specialized on exactly   the topic that you’re research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied researching. Again, it might  increase your chances of being accepted for that   journal so that’s good news. At the same time,  it means that the audience that you’re reaching   is similarly specialized. That might be a good  thing because you might want to be talking to   that specific audience, but it does mean that your  audience is fairly small and if you want to bring   the topic that you’re research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied researching to a mainstream  audience publishing in a really specialized   journal is not the best way to do this. One thing  I would say though is avoid predatory journals at   all costs. If you don’t know what predatory  journals are, these are the kind of journals   that send you regular emails saying we would  love to publish your paper you’re such a great   academic, and then when you submit the paper it  turns out that you have to pay them to publish the   paper and that peer review is virtually absent.  You might get a really brief report, or you might   get no reports at all but guaranteed your paper  will be published sometimes even in a few weeks.   And don’t forget it’s easy to be taken in  by this, just like regular scammers they   become more and more sophisticated. They send  innocent PhD students emails like oh I love the   paper that you presented at this conference  would you like to publish it in our journal.

And of course, if you’ve never published in  a journal before you’re not to know that this   isn’t genuine. Although predatory journals hardly  existed 10 years ago there are now more predatory   journals than real journals. More problematically  they’ve actually been predatory journals that   were listed in the Web of Science or Scopus.  Usually, they’re kicked out after a few years,   but in those few years people can say well I’ve  published a paper in a journal that was listed   in Scopus or the Web of Science. So typically,  publications in these journals explode in the   years that they’re listed in these outlets.  If you’d like to know more about this topic,   I’ve included a link to a blog post  as well as a separate presentation. Here is the mission statement of the International  Journal of Management not to be confused with the   Journal of International Management which  is a legitimate journal the International   Journal of Management has a wonderful mission  statement. I’ll give you a few moments to read it.   So, who wouldn’t want to be a budding  genius with a clairvoyant mind   if only all predatory journals  were as easy to spot as this one. Okay so we know how to avoid predatory journals,  but there’s also another category which I’ve   called iffy journals. These journals are not  exactly predatory, but they do have some predatory   features. First of all, they have many authors  from countries in which universities pay for Web   of Science or Scopus listed journals which creates  a huge incentive to publish in these journals.   They, just like predatory journals, spam offers  to get publications submitted to their journal   or get authors to edit a  special issue for their journal   and they typically have a very high level  of self-citations within the journal. So,   publications in the journal citing other  articles in the journal. Obviously,   some self-citations some journal self-citations  are normal, you would expect at least three to   five percent self-citations within a journal  and if it’s a specialized journal maybe 10 to 15   but these journals have 30 to 50  self-citations and sometimes even more.

These iffy journals are often characterized by  a huge explosion in articles they publish once   they have been listed in the Web of Science  or Scopus exactly because some universities   pay for publication in journals that are  listed in the Web of Science or Scopus.   So, for example a journal like Sustainability  published around 100 articles in 2011,   but in 2019 they published over 6 000 articles.  In 2019 they also had more than 400 special issues   so they’re actively recruiting people to edit a  special issue, because obviously that outsources   the work of getting authors to submit to their  journal. So as a special issue editor you’re   basically a sales rep for them, because you’re  trying to get people to submit to the journal.   Now Sustainability isn’t listed as a predatory  journal, but its characteristics are very similar   to a journal such as African journal of Business  and Management, which is a predatory journal. Now I know that many of you look at the journal  impact factor to assess the quality of a journal.   In itself it’s a very dubious measure of general  quality, but that’s not the discussion I want to   have today. What I want to point out today is that  the journal impact factor is very problematic in   an age of online journals. If you look at a  journal such as Journal of Cleaner Production   this has a journal impact factor of more than  six. This is more than nearly all journals that   are listed on the ABS list so nearly all top  journals in Management. So, you would conclude   okay this must be a really high-quality journal.  But what’s the problem the problem is that the   journal impact factor only looks at citations in  the last two years and obviously if a journal has   a really fast turnaround this article can cite  a lot of journal articles published in the same   year or the year before or the year before that.

In typical journals in Business and Management,   the publication process is so much slower that  by the time the article gets published you are   probably two years after you originally  submitted it, so you’re not likely to cite   many publications in the last two years. So the  journal impact factor is always going to be lower. So far we’ve talked about publishing in top  journals we’ve talked about looking at journal   rankings beyond the ABS journal ranking  list, we’ve talked about publishing in the   base disciplines and publishing in sister  disciplines, we’ve talked about publishing   in new online open access journals, and we’ve  talked about all the other journals including   journals that are slightly lower ranked, but  very credible journals, but also journals that   are predatory and journals that are not quite  predatory but are what we call iffy journals. But for all of these journals one  thing applies: journals are communities   and by choosing a journal by targeting a journal  you choose the community you want to belong to;   you choose the community in which  you want to have a conversation.   We can look at all the choices we’ve discussed  so far in this slide as well. Let’s say you want   to publish in the base disciplines or in sister  disciplines rather than in your own discipline,   then you need to ask yourself will scholars in  these base disciplines or system disciplines   be interested in the topic that I’m publishing  about, will they read my article even if it is   published in one of these journals. And then  at the same time, will academics in my own   discipline read the article if i publish in a  journal that’s not part of my own discipline.   They might but it’s not likely to be a journal  that’s high up on that list, so you would need   to do additional work to make sure that authors  in your own discipline actually read the article.

Then two of the other options we discussed are  publishing in the new online open access journals,   including some of the mega journals, or published  in lower ranked journals, whether it has   slightly lower ranked than the top journals,  or whether they are very much lower end,   or whether they’re even towards the predatory end  of the spectrum. We’ll all of these journals are   easier to get into than the top journals in  your field, but even if it’s a mega journal   even if all the articles are technically sound if  your article is published next to thousands and   thousands of other journal articles, how will it  stand out how will the audience that’s interested   in your articles find your article. This is  even more of a problem in predatory or semi or   semi predatory journals, journals which we’ve  called iffy journals. I’m not saying that all the   articles in these journals are bad, there might  be some really good articles in these journals,   but they’re next to a lot of really, really bad  articles. So, the quality of your own article   might not be noticed in a sea of dross, in a sea  of really poor-quality scholarship. So, in the end   I would suggest publishing the highest-level  journal you can there are lots of people who   go through every new issue of a top journal  and look at the latest research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research in the area.   So, if your article is there, they will notice  it automatically you won’t have to work hard to   get an audience. At the same time, you might want  to publish in other venues if you want to reach   other audiences if you want to for instance reach  practicing managers or government officials or   even the lay public you might want to publish in  other venues and that’s what we’ll turn to next. Okay so far, we’ve talked a lot about publishing  in journals, listing no less than five different   options, but there are two other options for  publishing work with social impact. First of   all publishing books. In many disciplines and in  particular in the Arts and Humanities but even in   disciplines such as Sociology books are highly  prized publications, they are really procedures   and you’re expecting to publish at least one or  two books in your career.

In other disciplines,   and Business management is one of them, books  are not generally seen as essential. However,   that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t consider them  because they do have a very good role to play.   There are very different types of book though  the first one is the one that you’re probably   most familiar with and that’s what we  call the authored research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research monograph.   This means that you write the entire book yourself  or maybe with one or two co-authors. This allows   you to pursue a particular revenue of research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research and  report on your research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research at great length and make   a really comprehensive argument. However, there’s  also the option of editing as the sole editor or   one of the editors of a handbook or a compendium  or contributing a chapter in one of these.   Obviously editing a handbook or a  compendium is more prestigious than   contributing a chapter to this but  you’re not getting to edit a handbook   if you’re just starting out in the field, so  contributing a chapter is perfectly fine too. In some fields handbooks and compendiums get a  lot of attention, especially if the editors and   or the contributors include some really well-known  scholars. So, if two of the best-known scholars in   your field ask you to contribute a chapter  to a handbook or a compendium that would   be a really good way to get your name out  there as someone publishing in the fields. So, what if you really want  to write a research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research monograph,   but you don’t really have enough material for a  full-blown book. Well then there’s lots of options   many publishers these days publish much shorter  books as well. Palgrave for instance, has what   they call the pivot books, and they’re about 25 to  50 000 words. Edward Elgar has what they call the   footprint books, and they’re about 100 pages.

So,  these are shorter books that allow you to still   author an individual book and make  the arguments you want to make. So, what about textbooks, certainly not the  most obvious option to publish research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research,   but it is certainly a way to bring the  latest research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research to yet another audience:   students. In particular if you’re writing  a textbook that is aimed at higher level   undergraduates or masters students or  even a combination of masters students   maybe up to PhD students. You can also edit a  research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research monograph, so that means that you have   a collection of individual chapters and each  chapter is written by a different author. This   is generally not seen as prestigious as a research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research  monograph or a handbook, but it’s still a good way   to get your name out there if the publisher is  a credible publisher and if you can get a high   quality of contributions. However, the problem  with an edited book is usually that it’s very hard   to get contributors to commit to a certain quality  level. So, I wouldn’t necessarily recommend it   as your first option but again don’t discard it  out of hand. And then finally if you really have   something that you want to get of your chest that  you want to publish that you think is important,   but you can’t find any publisher who’s interested  in publishing it, you can also self-publish your   books. You can do this through an Amazon  subsidiary and it’s a really easy process.   I’ve self-published quite a few books most of  them were about the Publish or Perish software,   but I’ve also published a book for my father  who is a sculpturer so for his 80th birthday   I created a book including pictures of all of his  sculptures and stories by his children and family. So, the options so far journal articles in lots  of different types of journals, and books whether   they are research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research monographs or edited books or  handbooks or textbooks they basically communicate   with either scholars or students.

But what if  you want to reach out to a larger audience?   Then I would really recommend blogging, there  are lots of different outlets for blogs and I’ve   listed some of these below. You can write opinion  pieces, or you can do a write-up of a specific   funded research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research project or you can write about  an individual article that you’re particularly   proud of, or you can even summarize the research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research  on a particular topic on other articles. So,   it doesn’t even have to be your own research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research  but if it’s a particular topic you’re passionate   about you can do a summary of research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research in  the area. But it’s all about getting your   name out there connected with a topic that you’re  passionate about. And once you’ve published quite   a bit about a certain topic it’s a great way to  rejuvenate old research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research. I’ve written a blog post   about a lot of my research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research that some of which was  published maybe 20 years ago or even 25 years ago.   So, by taking say two or three or four articles on  a specific topic, and writing up a short blog post   about these, you can show how they relate to each  other and how they build on each other. And even   for other scholars it’s much easier to just read  a blog post then read four individual articles.   And if they’re interested in the articles, they  can read them after reading the blog post, but at   least they get the general idea of it. So, if you  want to know more about blogging I would suggest   you have a look at my blog post series on social  media which also includes a blog post on blogging. So, I hope that at least some of this presentation  was useful to you and you have a better idea   on where to target your  research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research with social impacts.   What I would like you to remember is that academia  is a really long-term game. You might actually be   in in an academic career for more than 50 years,  so not everything needs to happen right now   you have time. So, don’t try and chase or try and  even find the one best solution, because what is   the best solution really depends on the project  and the stage of your career.

What is the best   solution will also depend on the university you  work in or even the country that you work in. So, you might actually have different  careers within one career in academia,   so maybe some part of your career you will  be focusing on more fundamental research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research,   and you will be publishing in top journals in your  discipline. But in another part of your career,   you might be focusing on more applied research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research,  and you might be looking for a different type   of journals, or you might be looking at books.  In yet another part of your career you might be   focusing more on doing action research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research, or doing  consultancy work, and you might focus on yet   another type of outlets. Or you might have a stage  of your career where you focus mostly on teaching   and you want to translate some of your  research on chemical intermediates, international journal of applied research to reach a student audience   and go on to write textbooks. So, there isn’t one  best solution. However, the one thing that I do   think remains constant during an academic career  is that the only thing that will sustain you in   the end is your curiosity, your passion, and your  desire to create something new and impactful. So,   I hope that this presentation has also  given you the inspiration to do this.

Where to find great research papers?

Various great research journals such as Global Research Letters are a great option and way to help you look up impactful research papers with a great format. Here, you will find a number of various research papers that are provided and made available to you in the journal, which will help you write your own paper.

You can very easily find papers on a variety of topics at Global Research Letters, which will help you with your own research work and understanding of writing and publishing research papers properly. With access to so many amazing research papers, you can practice and learn the process of writing research papers and their importance.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *