Global Research Letters

The Impact of the Search Engines on the Indexed journals

Hello everyone welcome back to this workshop on the online research methodology organized by the US Society for research international that is the RSI group so on this day two we are meeting again so we’ll continue with our day one discussion where we discussed about uh some indexed journals we discuss about their indexing we discussed about impact factors and we’re discussing more on this so uh this session which is called the indexed journals indexing impact factors and moon in this uh we’ll today carry forward from what we have discussed yesterday and we’ll try to look at some of the statements or some of the boys that we have made yesterday and we’ll try to elaborate on them so so far we have seen that there is no substitute for the quality research that we do we have also seen that uh peer review is an important component of the publishing or or the getting a getting a paper published in a indexed journals so again peer review can be of three different types blind double blind and triple nine and then uh we also saw the different types of indexed journals that are out there they can be broadly classified into the limited access channels the Open Access indexed journals and the red features I know that a lot of queries have come in on the predatory indexed journals and so people are a little confused that what are these people have heard about so many people have already heard about limited access indexed journals and openings and indexed journals but they’ve not heard about something called the predatory indexed journals and they’re very little confused when I used the term predatory indexed journals well we’ll discuss more on them uh more on this battery indexed journals in our subsequent uh like the subsequent slides but what I want to State here is that that this distinction that I have made it is not a pure sort classification means in terms of the substitution if you think we have only two different kinds of indexed journals the limited access indexed journals and new Open Access channels predatory indexed journals can be both limited access indexed journals and organ exchange indexed journals technically indexed journalsists as the name suggests a day try to fool the researchers they try to they try to harm the scientific community in a sense that they publish a very low quality they publish low quality or low quality papers in them and they charge the authors a huge amount of money in in for publishing their work and these indexed journals have no value whatsoever because they are not peer reviewed they do not have any good policy related to the editorial and all that we’ll try to discuss more on this that what is Parental indexed journals in our subsequent uh slides so we also saw that uh traditionally the publishing business uh was like on print and online still there are certain indexed journals who do both on print as well as online and therefore the cost is going to be high for them and then we sorted a lot of subscription-based indexed journals like uh the lot of the indexed journals in the elsewhere they are now offered only in the online bone so they have tried to reduce their uh they’ve tried to reduce their cost somewhat and then we saw that with the new Millennia the rise of the online indexed journals or rather the Open Access indexed journals well the author pays the cost for publishing and it is available freely to the scientific Community for reading so and we saw that in general a study was done on this and it was seen that the cost of publishing is released in operations indexed journals we also saw how the Open Access indexed journals has evolved in the last decade and as I was telling that this is the current Trend till 2010 where you see that about 75 percent of the generals that are there are closed indexed journals or the substitution based indexed journals but in the upcoming 10 years maybe if you look at 2013 what you will find is that uh this graph will be reversed the subscription in general should be limited to only like 25 percent and the rest 75 percent would be reopen Exchange we also saw the different kinds of articles that are out there and what are those we then discussed about a little about indexing so I I told that indexing is nothing but you can think of indexing like a similar kind of products are grouped together so in that sense General interesting is something is a is a bibliographical database or is a database well articles from similar kind of indexed journals are put together so indexing is generally done by a number of agencies and among them the most uh or in fact there are different kinds of indexings let’s not go into the who does the indexing let’s say that what are the indexings that are available the indexings that are generally available for especially for the Science Background are the sci or science and engineering background or this SCI scie and these are considered as the most reputable so both of these inductions are given by a organization called the clarified analytics and there is also something called if I understand that a lot of participants are from Humanities background main is a management background in my they should look at the equivalent of Sci in uh in the images that is called the ssci so ssci stands for social sciences citation index so that is an equivalent that is an equivalent uh General indexing of the sci and the sci category so SCI and SCI category are generally for the science and engineering background and ssci is for the Humanities and the management background okay now there may be some significant overlap there might be some indexed journals which are interdisciplinary and they can have both of these indexings so basically we saw that uh General indexing is like a catalog where I will again say this General induction is like a catalog where similar kind of products or similar kind of channels are grouped together here the similarity is not based on the contents they have rather or the quality that they have similar quality indexed journals are grouped together so it means the list that we have or the sci scie and the ssci list or the database that we have it contains the most prestigious or most quality wise good indexed journals in this list then comes the second category that is called the scopus scopus is a little broader category so in scopus you can say that we have something ranging from the uh all the indexed journals which are indexed in the sci SCA and ssca are also listed in this Compass additionally a few more indexed journals are also a few not exactly few a few thousand more almost twice of that is in the sci that is being additionally covered in the scopus so right now I think uh in the sca we have some around 11 000 some around 15 000 in the sciacin ssca list we have around 15 000 whereas in this copas we have close to around 40 000 so it’s almost like three times in these couples covers almost three times the number of the indexed journals that cic and Associate contains so scopus again if we think of it in our term uh then we can say that it is the second tier or the second category or the second best indexed journals second best group of indexed journals that is out there so uh all the indexed journals that are interested are also in these coupons and these copper indexed journals are being the scopus is again a database that is uh that is managed by or that is under the elsewhere Publishers group and then again we saw that uh when these copers were started in 2004 I hope it was started around 2004 so when copacity started in 2004 so the Thompson Motors group at the time Thomson address was the manager for dsci so the Thompson Motors group founded uh lcbs aggressively pushing their product of scopus among the about these publishing communities so they came up with a similar product called the esci or the esci category that is the emerging sources citation index again uh till now we see that the esci and the scopus has kind of similar kind of coverage but the esci has still not gained that kind of reputation because it is relatively newer I think it is around only the 2012 you know something somewhere later that the esa started so ese can be thought of a pathway for the indexed journals to be grouped into the sci for example if I have a indexed journals and I I want the sci group to evaluate or the climate analytics group to evaluated and list it in the sci Scio ssci so once I apply so if my indexed journals is found to be a very quality wise very Superior and it meets and it meets all the criterias of the SS or the of the sci SCI and ssci list then it will be directly put in the scl list but if suppose say out of the 10 criteria suppose I am saying that there are 10 criters and out of the 10 criterias I am meeting only on eight criterias and the remaining two criterias I have somewhat filled 20 or supposedly 50 so in that case declarative group will place my indexed journals in the esai category so esea is emerging sources citation index so it means my indexed journals has shown some potential and maybe in future it can be grouped into the sci or the sci list but right now it doesn’t meet the entire Standard supply list so now they are putting it in kind of a wait list kind of thing and that wait list is called the esea you can think up in it that way and then again we saw about Google Scholar so Google Scholar is basically not an indexing uh website it’s rather a very powerful search engine like the Google itself so what Google Scholar does is that it tracks all these scientific papers that are out there and it tries to in that it try to make a database of it so in that sense it is indexing but uh again it doesn’t have any query requirements so in that sense it is not an indexing so the best answer to Google Scholar would be it is like a uh it is like a search engine that maintains a database of only people that are out there it is not exactly an indexing in the sense that it doesn’t have any quality requirements to be included in the uh in the in the database and all the other examples that all the other indexings that I showed you for example SCI is compass and Esa all of them have some quality requirements only when you pass that quality you can enter into one of these groups but in Google Scholar if it is any paper that is available on the internet it can be it can be it will be in the Google Scholar database next we saw the uh starting of the sci where we saw that sci was initially started by using Garfield and it was given and he founded a organization called The Institute of scientific information which was later purchased by the Thomson hotels group and recently it has been purchased by some Onyx Corporation or someone and now the Onyx Corporation has made a separate entity called the climate entities group and the Canadian entries group is now is the manager for the sci so now SCI is being managed by the climate analytics support so it was officially founded in 1964 and uh now as I told you some of the world’s most prestigious channels are the listed in the sci by definition when I say SCI I also mean scie and ssca uh so these are listed in here so the most prestigious indexed journals are grouped in the sci yes CA and ssca and they have two online platforms just like the Google Scholar if you think of Google Scholar as a platform where you can search similarly uh the sci the Claver analytics has two platforms one is named as the SCS search the other is name is the web of search so through this platforms you can access this list so we’ll see about this Platforms in a while and then we saw about scopas and scopus was launched in around 2004 and uh it contains around 34 377 I think this figure is now somewhere around 40 000 with C diff uh how much it is and basically similarly the sci gives out a ranking or a metric for example when you when you’re writing an exam and at the end of the exam if they just tell you if your password it will you will not be that happy but if they tell you along with the past marks if they tell you the marks also if they tell you that okay you have support 70 percent you’ve scored 90 that would be an additional motivation for you right so otherwise there will not be enough motivation for you so that is why in this similar manner in the scientific Community for the indexed journals there is something called the impact factor so impact factor is basically the reputation of a indexed journals will discuss more on the impact footer but just right now just understand that Interceptor is like the reputation of a indexed journals but higher the value of the impactful impact water is a numeric value which is it can be a numeric value it’s a real numerical so the also gives certain impact factors which they call as they started with something called the uh SAR then they started with something called the snip then they give out a sites code then they give out sgr and they you see each of them what they means we’ll see them indeed so thanks so again we saw about Google Scholar that Google Scholar was launched around the same time as this Coopers in the 2004 and Google Scholar is freely accessible to all it is basically a powerful web search engine which which has access to all the all the papers out there in the internet if any paper is generally internal then we will scholar can find it now recently they have extended this Google’s color to the patents also so now you can search patterns also in the Google Scholar now let us come to the important question that all of us have that what is basically citation index and what is the citation index as I told you about the example regarding the student who is who is writing an exam and we tell him the marks after the exam so similarly uh when a indexed journalsist sent to the web to the global analytics for grouping in the web of Sciences so web of science is a web of science is like a grouping of all these indexed journals that all the of all the indexings that the clever and this group gives so labor and the group as I told you it gives rank it gives indexings like SCI scie ssci esci and there are certain other uh indexings like this for example chemical chemical indexing or suppose say mathematical indexing like this they keep a number of different sub indexings also so all these together are called as the wave of Science and uh scopus is a separate database that is maintained by the elsewhere and web of science is maintained by describing analytics so basically as I told you the example of the student who is writing an exam and after the exam you are leaving in March similarly when a indexed journals is evaluated and included by the collaborate electrics in its web of science or by elsevier it’s scopus it gives something like similar to a mark to that particular indexed journals and that that particular Mark is called as the citation index so basically what citation indexes uh in layman’s term what citation index is suppose say if I publish a paper uh so how many times it has been referenced by other researchers in their work it means how many citations I have received so citations is when I write a paper when when I have written a paper and it is out there in in the world for the scientific Community to deal and suppose say now you are writing a paper and in your paper you you reference my people right you use the you use the outcomes of my paper you reference my paper in depth in your paper then after your paper is published my citation becomes one or my citation increases by one because you have you have included one of my paper in your reference so after your paper is published I I should again remind you again and again that this citation will be counted only after your paper is published if your paper is rejected I do not get any citation if even if you are including my reference your paper is not published so I do not gain any citation if suppose say I have written a paper when did same paper you are using as a reference in your paper and you have also published your paper now I will get one citation or I will get my citation will increase by one again here is one misconception among the researchers that suppose say when I am writing the text if I am putting the reference two times if suppose say uh if you are referencing one of my papers and if you are putting it in two different places then for me it will be counted as two references two citizens no it is not like that one paper uh one particular paper which is in the reference of another paper will be counted only once no matter how many times it is being cited inside the text no matter inside the text how much times you cite it if a particular paper is citized at least once in the entire paper then reference count will be one now this citation count will be one okay will increase by one so uh like this this citation is counted so similarly uh what the genus does is that it groups all the citations that it’s all these papers in its generals Can See For example in my case since you are referencing only one of my papers so my citation counted increased by one but think of it from the General’s perspective if suppose say the general has published 10 papers in a year and you have referenced uh three uh particular uh three particular of each papers in your paper so now for the indexed journals the yearly citation will increase by one means it will gain or sorry it will gain not one by three so it will get three new citations to its papers okay so that is how this citation works so for example let me if it is not clear let me try to give you a more example is there any paper I have here that I have okay suppose this is some paper that we are writing and we are trying to send on demolar carbon tendons so here suppose say yeah here suppose say I have I am using some statement I am using certain statement and for this statement I need to give some source that from where this statement can be validated or from where the statement is seen so I have given here seven and eight seven command so this statement I have taken or this information that I have given in this statement I have taken from this Source seven and eight so I am so I am citing them okay so now what will happen is that if you go down in your reference section you will see that I have Source 7 and 8.

So now when for supposed to say for McKenzie as soon as my paper will be published McKenzie will gain one citation okay McKenzie both Mackenzie Muller and uh this guy philanthrop all of them will gain one one citation all of their citations will increase one one one one and similarly when this paper is published mashito asayoga and Fuji all of them will gain one one citation all of their citation will increase one by one but if you look mostly here there is a particular Channel called The Diamond related materials here again there is another paper from the diamond related materials so it means when my paper is published so Diamond materials will get one Citation for this one Citation for this one increment in the citation bodies one increment recitation protest one increment in this citation for this and so on every time a paper only Diamond related materials is cited here so the number of the citations of this indexed journals increases right so in this way in the similar way for a research is calculated and in the similar way for a indexed journals it is calculated okay so all the metrics that we have out there the Performing metrics similarly for the student who has scored some marks in the exam that is his performance metric that is how well he has performed similarly for these indexed journals also the performance metric is the citation index so citation is the basic thing based on the citation there are different kinds of varieties in which we can express the citation for example if you again come back to the student who has written exam so at the end of the exam we can give his marks in terms of percentage otherwise what we can do we can say we can group the percentage together and we can give a grid that you are getting grade A Grade B so there are different kinds of ways in which we can express the marks of a student we can express as in pure numbers we can express it in percentage we can express it in grades we can create express it in GPA or in some other scale from one to four scale or supposing one to five skin so these are all different kinds of games that we are using but the basic information is what basic information is what he has written in the exam and based on that how many marks he has given so the marks is the basic information and based on that marks we are giving some other kind of metric like the grade or the percentage or whatever so similarly in case of indexed journals the citations is the basic quantity and based on the citation you have different kind of we have different kind of scales or we have different kind of metrics that we can give you’ll see more on that so now the first citation is first this site this first citation index is the impact or it is the most reputable site type of Science and it is generally calculated from the sci scie and ssci list by the clavid and link group so now uh impact factor sometimes it is also known as if in capital letter so as I told you it was started by The Institute of scientific information and it was way later than they when they almost after 10 years of the establishment of this group that they started with this impact factor and this number was again developed by the same guy using Garfield Dr Eugene Garfield so it was started from 1975 so now let us try to understand how does impact factor works okay let us try to understand this so basically if you see the impact factor suppose say the impact factor is equal to citation y minus 1 plus citation y minus 2 by publication y minus 1 plus publication y minus two so basically what I mean here is that the impact factor is calculated as suppose a d by factor for 2020 okay for 2020 will be calculated as number of the number of the uh citations that the papers which are published in this particular indexed journals in 2019 a number of the citations that the number of the papers that uh 40 papers that were published in 2018 divided by the total number of Publications in 2018 and 2019 but the catch is there that only the citations which are in the current year will be taken I’ll tell you again what it is suppose say in this particular year a lot of papers being published for example in the 2020 in 2020 a lot of papers have been published till now so all these citations that are there in the 2020 among them these citations which are for the papers in 2018 and 2019.

Only day will be counted okay in here okay only deep papers only the citation for the papers from 2018 and sorry 2019 and 2018 will be counted and it will be divided by the total number of papers that the indexed journals has published in 2018 uh 2019 and 2018 okay but it catches that all these citations should be from 2020 or this year okay from 2020 this should have been cited in 2020 but for the items that are from 2018 and 2019. so let us see by an example it will be more clear so nature is one of the top generals one of the top three indexed journals out there so let us see how nature the benefit of nature was calculated in 2017 for example if you calculate the input factor of nature in 2017 then all these citations that nature received in 2017 okay the citation should be received in 2017 okay the citation should be there in the papers which have been published in 2017 not necessary only the papers in nature but any Indexed journals okay any Indexed journals which is indexed in the web of science okay so any Indexed journals which is webinar which is index in the wave of science depth contains in 2017 that was published in 2017 that contains citations from 2016 citations two papers from 2016 and citations two papers from 2015. will be taken into account and they will be divided by the total number of the papers that the nature published in 2016 and the nature published in 2015 okay so in that way suppose say here I have given the values they suppose say in the 2016 in 2017 uh denatured received around 32 000 citations for all the papers that were published in 2016. so I have written here and see me running for in 2017 uh the nature received 41 000 citations for all the papers that were there in the 2015 divided by the total number of papers which is published in 2016. it has published 880 papers and in 2015 it has published 902 papers so just you take the value of this ratio of this and you come across a number 41.

577 so generally MP factor is expressed in this form up to three digit okay after three digit after decimal so it means what it means now it means that the each of the each of the uh papers that were published in 2015-16 it means if you think of this this is nothing but the ratio or the average right so 8 880 plus 902 it is roughly around uh how much it is it is uh 1800 minus 18 so it is around 18 to 18 uh eight so this 1888 papers okay 1882 papers so all these 1882 papers that we have this 1882 papers uh received this 1882 papers from 2016 and 15 received approximately each of these papers received approximately 42 citations in 2017 okay it the impactor doesn’t care about what you got in 2018 what you got in 2015 he doesn’t care about that it cares about only the number of citations that you received in that particular year so in 2017 each of these papers that were published in the previous two years received an average of 42 citations that is one the imperfecter means so imperfecter basically is a measurement of how many times a part how many times on an average a indexed journals a paper is referenced okay or how many times a Brisk paper is cited okay so it means higher the citations here more people are reading it obviously when more people will read it more people will find it useful and more people will find it useful they will put it in their reference so The Interpreter basically means that the papers that are published in that particular Indexed journals have been found uh useful by the others and they have been referenced in their own articles and now the average Citation for each of the papers that were published in the previous two years is 42 in 2017. and similarly this is done every year for example now every year in the month of May or June the clay with analytics releases this impact factor it is a published a document called the jcr or the indexed journals Indexed journals citation records or yeah General citizen record so every year in the month of May to June or between May to July they release this document so in this document they update the infected every year they get other important thing you have to see is that what is this this is what is this this is the number of uh this is for 2017 this is for all these citations that was received in 2017 okay so it means when in 2020 they released the imperfecter they will be actually releasing the impact factor for 2019 because for this to be calculated for impact water 2017 okay uh you need all the data that was there in 2017 okay so now in 2020 where the release David released it for 2019 because 2019 is over uh so till now they have collected all the data they have analyzed all the data and based on that they will give the impact of 2019 in 2020 similarly for 2020 they will give in 2021 so impact factor is at one year like from the actual calendar year okay because we need the data from that particular year so for 2020 Vector will come in next year similarly there is something called the SAR that is being launched by the scopus so again the concept of sgr is also similar to the concept of uh the effect by the uh SCI so here also if we have higher sgr values you have greater Prestige and so on so let’s not go deep into this because this is not so widely accepted in this statement should not be here so this this uh this sgr is not so widely accepted or because the scopus is the I told you Scope is the second favorite thing among the serious researchers a CISD first favorite thing immune researchers so people uh as the elsewhere is aggressively trying to Market is Asia but still people has not people have not accepted it in a very wholehearted fashion but just remember this that if you’re a general that you are publishing that is higher is here it means the general Prestige is higher again similar to the formula that the equivalent analytics gave for the impact this copas came up with another similar kind of uh term called the side Factor it is also basically based on the citation itself and they came up in 2016 by dlcbn and uh here instead of two years I explained you the formula for two years instead of two years here they are taking the three years so it is basically the same as it is basically a variant of the impact factor so just that lcma wanted to do something new they wanted to Market their product so instead of taking two years now they are saying that no no we should take three years at least so now they have taken three years and here the calculation for the same 2017 Edition that now uh instead of 42 it has become 14 here you see that for the last two years it was 41 and here if we include the data for 2014 also it becomes 14 or roughly 15 you can say so basically generally it is in the site score is a little less than the uh site score is a little less than the impacted primarily because of two things first thing is that they include three years and the second thing is that in the formula here they have made another change what change they have made is that I told you some time ago I told you about the different kinds of articles that is why the different kinds of articles are important resistant different kinds of articles I told you about the different kinds of Articles somewhere all right yeah different types of Articles so when uh the sci impact return is calculated or The Clevelander is calculated only this and this are taken as the denominator but when the scopus in factor is calculated they take everything they are there is there as the denominator so naturally the number of the denominator the value in the denominator increase because in each uh in especially in indexed journals like the nature there are a lot of articles by the editorial book okay so while calculating the impact factor uh they do not calculate the number of the Publications that are in the uh in by the editorial one but in the scopus they calculate that also so that is well so it is generally a little low in science code so now uh here I have shown a simple comparison between the effect filter and the side Factor so here uh what you can see is that uh what is the basic difference between the impact between the side factor is that basically the formula are the same but here the evaluation here is two years she had evaluation varies three years and this is being taken the databases jcr of the clipboard analysis group or dsci SCI database and here the database is the scopus database and as of 2020 around 11 896 indexed journals are there in the jcr and in the uh this we have around 38 000 so it’s almost uh four times that of the almost 3.

8 to 3.7 times of the number of the indexed journals that are there in the jcr or in the sci SCA and ssci database and um but the only thing how aggressively the l7s try to Market is then down they are giving out these sites code freely to anyone who want to uh who want to access this they are giving the data to anyone but generally for Global analytics we need we need to subscribe to the we need to have a registered account with them a paid account with them only then you can access all the data anyhow the the basic document that is that the jcr that is freely out there I will tell you where from where you can download it but uh the all the all the fine all the Minor Details are not available here but in the side score they give all the data as well as the as well as the report you can freely access it and also I told you here in the evaluated items are only the Articles and the review articles and here all kinds of applications whether it can be a data article or it can be a review article it can be a letter to the editor it can be a editorial editorial Note Everything is included in the calculation of the formula inside factor or in the size code similarly here I have just shown a plot scatter plot for the for two group of indexed journals it is the nature group of dragons and for the ACs group of generals ACS is American Chemical Society but I have shown uh how the site score and the impact are coordinating in case of ACS you see that the correlation is excellent means almost the same kind of uh value you get for the indexed journals in terms of site score and the impact return but in nature the in indexed journals from the nature you see that the impactor is generally higher than the site score it is because in indexed journals like nature there are a number of Articles published by the editorial board similarly um the elsewhere always try to do something because LCM is trying to gain the market because uh till now Thomson Reuters has absolutely Thompson notice or you can say the Caribbean on this group as the absolute Monopoly in the market in terms of The Prestige associated with each other every every serious researcher wants to get his paper published in the sci or dscie or the ssci and he wants that his indexed journals is perfected so in that war in that terms the scopus or the LCB has been trying to Market their own products like the things that I show you for example this high score or for example the SAR and in that same line they have used another Factor quality Source normalization they are also trying to calculate something called The Source normalization 2012 and we formalize this so let’s not pay much attention to all this because as a serious researcher you want your paper to be in the sci SCI and ssca and for that you need to have a impact and if the person some of your particular papers do not meet debt criteria then the next thing you you should Target is the scopus and once you go into scoopers then uh it doesn’t make because again there is lack of uh uh lack of acceptance among the scientific Community regarding all these impact factors by the scope so it doesn’t make much difference that whatever but the sgr value of your Indexed journals is or what the site factor of your Indexed journals is doesn’t make any difference if it is its purpose within scopus it is well and good at least from the Indian context and again we have something called the H index so H index can be collected is calculated both by Google Scholar and scoopers so for these scopers it is based on the papers that are contained in scopus and for the uh party Google Scholar it is uh based on all the papers that are contained in Google Scholar so each index is started for the authors H index was started for the orders and then these indexed journals also started using it so H index is basically H index is basically the greatest number of publication H which has a lifetime count of uh which are locked which is a lifetime count of uh H so let me explain it to you by a very nice example let me show you my okay suppose this is my Google Scholar profile uh this is if you see here this is the number of citation this is the H Index this is the I10 index that is listed out here so basically what H index is if suppose each index means I have 11 applications for 11 papers okay in this database if I am talking about Google Scholar then in the Google Scholar database I have at least 11 papers which are individually at least 11 citation each okay I’ll repeat it again H index means I have 11 papers and all of these 11 papers have at least 11 citation it can be more than 11 citation but it should have 11 side at least 11 citations so H index is nothing but n it is like a n it is like a square Matrix okay 11 by 11 Matrix or suppose a 10 by 10 metrics so you need to have the same number of uh you need to you need to have at least n number of papers I mean n number of citations okay so let us see from my example is suppose say my H index is one so what you see here my highest citation till now in this particular paper is 21 so let us count from here one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven okay till now these are the 11 papers okay this is the this is the 11th paper and it has like 12 citations okay now let us go to the 12th paper this is the twelfth paper it is 11 citations but now my my H index is not 12 why because this is the 12th paper and my 12 paper has only 12 citation only 11 citations if suppose say my 12th paper also has 12 citizens my then my then my H index will become 12 by 12.

Right now if you see all these 11 papers all the 11 papers that I have above all these 11 papers have at least 11 citizens so now my H index is 11. and if I come to the 12 paper I have 12 papers which have 11 citations but I do not have 12 papers which are 12 citation each if I have 12 papers which have 12 citation needs then my H index will become 12. so as soon as this paper receives one more citation my H index will become 12. similarly if I go one step down so this is my 13th paper so this is my 13th highest cited paper so if suppose said this paper gets 13 citations then also my H index will not be 13 why because for that this paper will also have to have 13 citations this paper will also have to have 13th edition it means all the papers that are above it if you arrange them in from higher citation to low citation they should have the same number of scientists at least the same number of citation as the number of publication so that is the use of H index so H index means each number of papers that are having at least eight number of citations if I have 10 papers with at least 10 citations then the H index is 10. if I have 11 papers with at least 11 number of citation in each of them then my H index is 11 and so on again in this same line let us also discuss what is I 10 index my it index is started so I10 index is basically number of papers that you have in your any database that has at least 10 number of citations so if you see here so I have 13 papers this is the 13th paper and my 13th paper has 10 citations okay so that is why my I10 index is 13. so number of papers that has at least 13 number of at least 10 number of uh citizens so that is the itiner so as soon as suppose this particular paper gets one more citation then my I10 will become 14. as soon as this also gets one more citation then my I10 will become 15 because now this will also become 10 this will also become 10 and so on again if this also becomes 10 then my height 10 will become 15.

So I 10 is basically as a num as the number suggest I10 is number of the Publications that you have which have at least 10 number of citations okay this is just the number and H index is it is like a matrix okay it is like a n by n Matrix or H by H Matrix well one side of the Matrix is the number of Publications and the other side of the Matrix is the number of the citations and that Matrix always has to be a square Matrix the always number always the x axis and y axis should be equal okay think of it in that way so uh similarly here I have shown some example of this H index so similarly for a indexed journals DH index can also be calculated because for the indexed journals it will be uh suppose say h number of papers which are H number of citation each okay but in general also it can be calculated pH index again for calculation to H into they will take the data for that particular year only they will say that okay or maybe they can take it for the entire lifetime also suppose say if the H index of a general is 100 so it means the charter has published at least 100 papers which individually each of them has 100 hundred citations that is the meaning of the H index in terms of the channel now I saw from the discussion forum that there are a lot of questions on the projectory indexed journals now this is I want you to stay away from or I want researchers to I want to like communicate this all the research we should stay away from this kind of predatory indexed journals so basically what predatory indexed journals are predatory indexed journals are like fraud indexed journals or like fake indexed journals okay so what they do is that they say that we are a good indexed journals and they try to show you like their good Channel but what actually they are doing is that they are just taking they are just after your money they will just tell that pays 2000 and will publish your paper so you pay 2000 you publish a paper and without any review without any quality check whatever you give them that they will publish so and so what is the loss in this for a researcher the first the first obvious loss is the loss of money okay because you are paying for some kind of cheap quality okay for some kind of cheap quality you are paying that is the first thing and the second loss that you have is the loss in the prestige the loss in the prestige is if you publish in a predatory indexed journals and someone a serious researcher or some person you are going for the interview and the interview board knows that this is a particular predatory Indexed journals so the first opinion that they will form about you is that you do not have the capability to publish in good indexed journals that is why you are paying money and you are probably publishing in this kind of fragile though you may not know though you may have a very quality work and you may not know and you may have accidentally published in this by uh by hearing the claims of the indexed journals so in that way so you will be in trouble okay so predatory indexed journals understand it like this that priority indexed journals are low standard channels or almost no standard indexed journals they may maintain a very good website they may maintain a very good website they may so you editorial about that this and this is with us is Professor from US History does this professor from this video but in actuality and there is just like a rubber stem okay and uh the they will just take your money and they will publish any crap that you give them they will publish anything that you give them they’ll never review it there will be no quality check there will be nothing and whatever you give them they will publish this kind of indexed journals are known as the predatory indexed journals okay and the next thing is that because there is a lack of awareness among the researchers that is why I find this uh kind of workshops by the rsra group very commendable because what they are trying to do is they are trying to like make the researchers or make the at least the early created results is very aware about all these frauds that are going on all these malpractices that are going on in the publishing or in the scientific community so the next thing is the fake impact factors so there are a number of interpreters generally you may receive some uh General invitations that you can publish in this Factor so so in this in this particular Indexed journals so you’ll you’ll see that we have a generally perfect we have a we have a global imperator for example this the global impact of five you have a side factor of 10 or suppose a universal impact factor of 11.

So all these impact filters are fraud okay as long as you see something if you see something impacted with a trademark here uh and in the late in the somewhere in the footnote it is given calculated from Thomson Motors then it is a genuine imperfectant calculated by Thomson address rather it should be converted by term solution that is a genuine Capital all these other kind of impactors that you see out there in the different kinds of indexed journals Global impact Universal impact factor for example these are all some kind of fake imperfected similarly there is something called this height Factor also so what this fake indexed journals try to do is that they try to use similar kind of words for example here you sorted the word was Side school so now some fraud has come up with a term called the site filter Okay so young researchers and even the seasoned researchers are sometimes uh confused and they think that okay it is also calculated by these coupons only because the name is like similar but you should stay away from this okay so until very recently there is a librarian or a professor in the University of Colorado uh Jeffrey Bell he maintained a very good list of all these kind of misleading metrics means all these kind of fake in factors see maintained at least but then he had a lot of because this fake publishing is a very multi-million dollar industry so they all like uh had some Lobby and again he had some issue with his University of Colorado uh on this and here then he had to uh bring down that list so now Jeffrey Bill’s list is not maintained by him and it is not you it will not be available to you but again there are some substitutes that I am going to tell you so generally what you should look at is that whether a indexed journals is predatory or not you should look at this weather this whether the indexed journals that you are trying to publish that has any kind of this kind of uh fake implementers if it has some fake imperfections it simply means that it doesn’t meet the quality standards of the actual things like this kopas or the esea or dsci so that is why they have went for this fake interpreters and that is why they are distinguished speaking future so you should not publish this kind of private Originals so again and again I am Telling You president indexed journals are only after your money it have nothing to do with science and you will gain nothing anyone who sees your CV and you he sees that you have published uh suppose say one or two they are not or any or three or four papers in this kind of fake indexed journals then they will uh they will raise a serious kind of question on the on your capability also so that is why you should never publish in this kind of fake and predatory channels now how to identify that whether it’s Adam is predatory or not so I’ll just give you some rule of thumb so the first thing what you can do is that uh I I hope that in India you have heard about SCRC SCRC is basically the structural engineering research group that is a organization by the csir the counseling for scientific and Industrial Research so that is a independent Body by the csir so the SCRC they maintain a they maintain a list called the predatory Publishers and indexed journals list so you can visit this website and you can see it here so any particular Indexed journals which is listed in this particular list never published in there okay so that is basically they are and they it is for the awareness of the Indian population or London for the scientific community that they have grouped all the this kind of fake indexed journals and the Prejudice earners in this list so always when you are not sure whether a indexed journals is good or not whether you should publish in this or not you can visit any one of this list okay and you should search here if that particular Indexed journals is available in this list never published because these are the list which are you consider this list as The Blacklist kind of thing for yourself okay so again there is another list by the that’s called The Bell list or nest and all this so I I’ll give this PPT show drama chandan to all of you to Professor ramachandan to all of you so that you can make use of this websites and that is the first rule of thumb that you should have or the other thing what you can twist it always try to publish in this particular indexed journals okay always try to publish in indexed journals which are listed either in sci or in sci or ssci or scopus or esea or WS okay you will just see how you can invalidate whether a indexed journals is in this list or not I will just show you how to do that and a lot of people also know about the online university and lectures so a good list is that also if a particular Indexed journals is there India University next year try to publish in them if it is not there do not publish in them again here is a word of question about the UCC ugc list or UCC care list I will tell you something see the ugc has come into action very uh lately like only for the last I think last three or four years back they started uh this uh Indexed journals like listing these indexed journals as the ugc approved channels initially they started with the ugc approved word and now they have they have changed it to the UC care database but again I will say that UCC is like an organization like a it’s it’s like a it’s like a very uh what will I tell you I do not want to use harsh words but I think it is if you think of USC in terms of its other counterparts in the developed countries like for the similar kind of bodies that they have in U.

S or Europe or Australia UCC is far far behind okay at least in the terms of publishing or at least in the terms of understanding the publishing business understanding the type of general study medicine so a lot of researchers I have seen that they they say that okay this particular Indexed journals is listed in the usica so this must be a good Channel but I will tell you that the procedure for the ugc is that till now at least till now the procedure for this is that all the universities that are affiliated to the UC will send them a list sir we want this and these channels to be Affiliated we we lack of kind of we vouch for them or we recommend this indexed journals and UCC without till now it was the case that you will see without much uh uh scrutiny would include all these channels so a lot of time what happens is that a lot of private universities are also there even in front a lot of common universities also because of lack of knowledge or because of ignorance a number of is fake impacted indexed journals or these fake uh predatory genres are also forwarded to the UCC and they end up giving approval to them also okay in fact in the last year uh they published a list the ugc published a list and in that list there were a number of predatory indexed journals and a then UCC because there were a lot of serious researchers so this researchers started mailing you see that how can you improve this indexed journals in this particular USA problem because it’s a fake indexed journals and then eventually you see launched a small scrutiny and again that was kind of a white horse kind of thing and from that they remove 111 uh indexed journals from their website so now think of the researchers who might have published in that 111 indexed journals during that period thinking that these generals are you will see approved right now that is not UBC approved so they are in trouble so what I will tell you is that leave this means do not do not rely on this usage care so much rely mostly on this list because this is never going to change because the quality of the indexed journals that are in here they are not going to fall down drastically overnight during not going to be removed running okay even if suppose say some indexed journalsists removed every year it happens that some indexed journalsists move from the sca or the sa list but they will be downloaded to the esci and again they will be evaluated evaluated again after suppressing maybe two or three years they may again be included simulating with this copas okay so that is why always try to publish in indexed journals that they are in this particular list also you may also see this particular list they are not even say an actual list you can just go to the Google and you can search I think right now the website is down but again I think maybe you can try it after one week so generally online university NHL is maintained by the Anna University which is a which is a top university in Tamil Nadu so they maintain this list so you can you can like refer to this list and exclusively I I say that refer to the ugc list but do not rely on it 100 okay like just see that whether the particular indexed journalsism uses care then after that you try to see whether this indexed journals is available in any of the other two lists and then you try to publish because the usual layer is the USC care list is not so not so robust because UVC has not formulated the plans very effectively till now okay they are still they have still a lot to learn in terms of the publishing business they have still a lot to learn from the their uh like the develop counterparts in the developed countries so in that sense do you see list is not available how you can access this particular list already we have made this video quite large so just go to the scope database just go to the scope database let’s suppose say some general suppose say this is the particular Indexed journals suppose say suppose say one General is done in this particular Channel you do not know whether this channel is uh you should publish in the indexed journals or not so let’s do one thing if you want to yeah make sure that whether it is General is published in the case in the scope database or not so what you should do is then type www. as soon as you go to these you will see this part you’ll see author search and sources you just click on sources then we’ll come to this page okay as soon as you as soon as you come on this page what you should do is okay as soon as you come on this page suppose you know the title of the indexed journals in this case you know the title of the indexed journals so just make this give this as Titan just go here just paste the name here okay and five there are two kind of name steps on okay this is the indexed journals that the name I was saying so just click on this as soon as you click on this all history of this indexed journals in this particular scopus database will be shown here so it shows that this copas has maintained this particular Indexed journals India database from 1989 to present so this is what is important sometimes it may be from 1989 to 2019 so it means this year they have still not decided whether it will be in the scopus database or not so that is also important for you to see so always try to see that whether it is to present or not 1989 to present so it means this particular Indexed journals is listed here so generally all the good genres that they have they will have a general home page tab also here so from here you can validate whether your this is the correct Indexed journals that you wanted to that you wanted to submit it for example when you click it here it will take you today to their website suppose say this is the indexed journals it has suppose a 3.3 pricing recorder we’ll look into that later see these side factor is also somewhat similar 3.5 is the side factor for 2018. for 2018 it was published in 2019 and for 2019 now it will be published in 2020. so again some other additional information you can get here that what is the side Factor see this kind of data that you get here and you can also see what is the category rank for example in the mechanical engineering it is somewhere in the 88th percentile it is indeed top 12 to 13 okay it is it’s rank is 66 out of 583 and similarly in a sub domain called the mechanics of materials it is indeed 87 percentile and so on on this kind of data is also being shared with you in the scopus database so like this you can validate whether a particular Indexed journals is in the scopus database or not so it will also show you the history okay so it will also show you the trend of the impact and all that okay and it will also show you that what is its rank wise in which particular uh in which particular uh this is in which particular category it is so again let us go to side score there are some certain other uh statistics available here so again it will show you that in suppose say in 2019 it has published at least 180 documents which are in scopus in 2018 it is published 211 document so this step is important when you look at something so you see in 2000 2020 it has already listed 67 documents so it means it is an existing document it is an existing Indexed journals which is indeed scopus database because indexing is still going on so this is kind of safe to permission okay this is how you access the scopus database now again I have given the link for this also the climate analytics list also it is available here somewhere I think it is available yeah I’ve given it I given it here so I will be sharing this PPT so you can use this website you can bookmark this website so for understanding whether a particular Indexed journals is in the this list or not so go to this website click on this search indexed journals so you’ll come to this particular window as soon as you come to this window you can give the name of the indexed journals here and you can search any Indexed journals that you want to publish in you can type the name here but the name should be exact and then you should search so this is the result that is showing you now immediately see this web of code web of science code collection so it is in the scie list okay it is in the sci in this so this is a sales indexed journals to publish it this is and non-predatory a very reputed Indexed journals so this is again all the information you will get for example this channel is published by the Taylor and Francis group and it’s ISS and all this kind of information you will get if you want more information you can just click here view profile page and I think for this you need a login so login you can you can log in by any of your Google uh ID suppose or by LinkedIn or by Facebook anything you can log in for this you need not pay anything just click I just click on the Google as soon as he gives me this I’ll just click here and I’ll be logged in okay I this is kind of the basic login and there is again this is kind of a free account that you can have you can do something called paid account no need for that so this is the free account so as soon as you go inside so it will show you all the data for example from 1986 the indexed journalsist index in the sci and every year you publishes 12 issues it is it is in the English language it has been published by USA uh again the publisher website is listed here the submission website is listed here all this kind of information is listed there so this is the most important thing you have to see whether the channel that you are going to publish whether it’s just in the sci or the scie list or the escl list so that information is available from here and again uh it also shows that this information that this channel was covered in the 2019 GCF or design General citation reports and from there you can access the impactful trading factories the most recent imperator is 3.

35 right and if you have the access to the full if you have the subscription of the full uh this of the clever analytics then you could have accessed this information also but.

Since my account is a free account so I cannot access this information but for the basic kind of analysis this is enough means I I now know that this particular Indexed journals is safe to publishing so having said that that brings us to the end of this session so I hope that uh all of you have found this session meaningful all of your foundation interesting and uh with full of information I hope that I could have uh busted some of the myths out there I hope that all of you will do sound research and I hope that all of you will publish in very good effective channels or you’ll publish new indexed journals which are in either of either of these two list with that in mind I thank you all of you thank you.

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