Hello friends. Today we are going to study classification of what is designing research is that in detail. Following points we are going to study in detail with different examples in each and every point. First of all let us understand meaning of what is designing research is that.
What is designing research?
What is designing research is that is the framework of research methods and techniques chosen by a researcher. What is designing research is that lays the foundation for carrying out the project. A good what is designing research is that will ensure that the research project is carried out effectively and efficiently. So now, let us study in detail classification of what is designing research. Type one. Exploratory research. Exploratory research is defined as research used to investigate a problem, which is not clearly defined. It is conducted to have a better understanding of the existing problem, but will not provide conclusive results. For such research, what is designing research is that, a researcher starts with a general idea and uses this research as a means to identify problems that may be the focus of future research. This investigation is generally carried out when the problem is in a preliminary stage. For example The owner of the juice bar believes that increasing the variety of juices will increase the number of customers. However he is not sure and needs more information. The owner intends to conduct exploratory research in what is designing research to find out whether expanding the juice selection will allow him to gain more customers or not.
Three ways to carry out exploratory research
Following are three different ways through which we can do exploratory research in what is designing research. 1. Focused group 2. Case study 3. In Depth interview Number one. Focused group. In this method, a group of people is chosen and allowed to express their ideas on the subject under study. However, it is important to ensure that when choosing people in a focus group, they must have common backgrounds and comparable experiences. For example: A focus group helps researcher in what is designing research is to identify the opinions of consumers if they would buy a phone. Such research in what is designing research can help the researcher understand what the consumer values when buying a phone.
It can be the size of the screen, the brand value, or even the dimensions in what is designing research. From which the organization can understand the buying attitudes and opinions of consumers. Number two. Case study method in what is designing research. Case study research can help researcher to find out more information by carefully analyzing existing cases that have experienced a similar problem. The investigator in what is designing research just needs to make sure to analyze the case carefully in regards to all variables present in the previous case against his own case. It is widely used by business organizations or the social sciences sector or even in the health sector. For example: A particular orthopedic surgeon has the highest success rate for performing knee surgeries. Many other hospitals or doctors have dealt with this case to understand and compare the method in which this surgeon performs the procedure to increase his success rate. Number three. In-depth interview. You can get a lot of information from public sources, but sometimes in-depth interview can provide detailed information on the topic being studied. An interview in what is designing research is that with a subject matter expert can provide you with valuable information that a general public source will not be able to provide. In-depth interviews are conducted in person or by phone, which have open-ended questions to obtain meaningful information on the topic. For example: An interview in what is designing research with an employee can give you more insights to find out the degree of job satisfaction. Type two- Descriptive research. Descriptive research in what is designing research is that is a type of research that provides an in-depth description of the phenomenon or population under study. This methodology focuses more on the “what” of the research subject than the “why” of the research subject. Descriptive research in what is designing research is a good option if you want to know the trends in a particular field or the frequency of an event. For example A clothing brand that wants to understand fashion trends among Indian shoppers will conduct a demographic survey of this region, collect population data, and then conduct descriptive research on this demographic segment.
Ways to carry our descriptive research:
Following are two different ways through which we can do descriptive research. 1. Cross sectional design 2. Longitudinal design Number one. Cross sectional design. A cross-sectional study is a type of what is designing research is that in which data is collected from many different people at one time. The data collected comes from a group of participants with varied characteristics and demographics known as variables. Age, gender, income, education, geographic location are examples of variables. For example healthcare industry. Scientists in healthcare might use cross-sectional research to understand how children ages between 2-12 across India are prone to calcium deficiency. Number two. Longitudinal design. In a longitudinal study, researchers repeatedly examine the same individuals for any changes that may occur over a period of time. Longitudinal studies in what is designing research are a type of correlational research in which researchers observe and collect data on a number of variables without trying to influence them. This type of study in what is designing research can take place over a period of weeks, months, or even years. In some cases, longitudinal studies in what is designing research can last several decades. For example, a longitudinal study of children with Down syndrome could involve studying of 100 children with this condition from birth to 10 years of age. Type three. Causal research Causal research in what is designing research can be defined as a research method used to determine the cause and effect relationship between two variables. This research in what is designing research is primarily used to identify the cause of the given behavior. Using causal research, we decide what variations take place in an independent variable with the change in the dependent variable. For example, a cereal brand owner wants to know if he will get more sales with his new cereal box design. He would set up an experiment in two separate stores. One will sell the cereal only in its original box and the other with the new box. They would then measure the difference between the sales based on the packaging of the cereal.
Following are three different ways through which we can do causal research. 1. One shot study 2. Before after with controlled group 3. Before after without controlled group Number one. One shot case study. The one-shot case study is a what is designing research is that in which a single group is observed on a single occasion after experiencing some event, treatment, or intervention. For example, the researcher wants to evaluate the effects of counselling sessions on the attitudes of school children. Number two. Before after without controlled group in what is designing research. In this design, a single group or test area is selected and the dependent variable is measured before introduction of treatment. Then the treatment is introduced and the dependent variable is measured again after the treatment has been introduced. For example, we know the sales made by the salespeople for specific period. Now we provide them training for a specified period and then we measure sales. Therefore, the comparison of sales made after training with sales made during the corresponding period before training. Number three. Before after with controlled group. In controlled before-after studies, outcomes are measured before and after a treatment in a group, that receives the treatment, and in another group, that does not receive the treatment, or that receives a different treatment. The idea is that any confounding factor would impact both groups equally, and therefore any difference in the data drawn from the two groups can be attributed to the experimental variable. For example Measurement of impact of a sugar beet seed promotion on brand awareness. First two group would be matched. Attributes such as types of farm, dependency ratio for hand tools, etc. would match with each group. So that the group are interchangeable for the purpose of the test. Friends. Thanks you for watching my video. If you like my video then please subscribes to my channel Management By Dr. Mitul Dhimar and share my videos.